F J van Hemert

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The primary structure of the alpha subunit of elongation factor 1 (EF-1 alpha) from human MOLT 4 cells was determined by cDNA sequencing. The data show that the conservation of the amino acid sequence is more than 80% when compared with yeast and Artemia EF-1 alpha. An inventory of amino acid sequences around the guanine-nucleotide-binding site in(More)
Extremely high frequencies of the A nucleotide are found in the RNA genomes of the lentivirus group of retroviruses. It is presently unknown what molecular force is responsible for this A-pressure. In this manuscript, we demonstrate a correlation between this 'A-pressure' and the amino acid-usage of the lentivirus family. We compared the amino acid(More)
The elongation factor EF-1 alpha is one of the most abundant proteins in eukaryotic cells, where it catalyzes the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to ribosomes. The genes coding for this protein in the brine shrimp Artemia were analyzed by gene cloning, electron microscopy and chromosomal blot hybridization. There are only a few (about four) copies of one type of(More)
In situ nick-translation allows the visualization of nuclease-sensitive chromatin regions in interphase nuclei. We have analyzed the three-dimensional (3-D) distribution of DNase I-sensitive regions of chromatin in nuclei from mouse P19 embryonal carcinoma cells by making optical sections using confocal scanning laser microscopy. In undifferentiated as well(More)
cDNA as well as amino acid sequencing has revealed the complete primary structure of elongation factor EF-1 alpha from the brine shrimp Artemia. A comparison with the published sequences of bacterial EF-Tu, mitochondrial EF-Tu and chloroplastic EF-Tu shows that distinct areas of these polypeptide chains are conserved in evolution. The evolutionary distance(More)
Glutamine synthetase, the enzyme that catalyzes the ATP-dependent conversion of glutamate and ammonia into glutamine, is expressed in a tissue-specific and developmentally controlled manner. The first part of this review focuses on its spatiotemporal pattern of expression, the factors that regulate its levels under (patho)physiological conditions, and its(More)
The pronounced increase in the protein/mRNA ratio of ammonia-metabolising enzymes in rat liver in the last prenatal week represents a clear example of a post-transcriptional level of control of gene expression. Both the underlying mechanism, namely an increase in translational efficiency of the mRNA and/or enhanced stability of the protein, and its(More)
The large subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes contains acidic phosphoproteins which are related to L7/L12 from Escherichia coli. In the brine shrimp Artemia these proteins are designated eL12 and eL12'. We have isolated cDNA clones for these proteins from a cDNA bank that was constructed by the use of size-fractionated poly(A)-rich RNA (8-10S fraction) from(More)
A plasmid carrying a cDNA sequence coding for elongation factor EF-1 alpha from Artemia was used to probe blots of mRNA and chromosomal DNA from Artemia. A messenger length for EF-1 alpha corresponding to 1850 nucleotides was found. Southern blots pointed to a limited number (1-4) of genes, coding for EF-1 alpha. From an Artemia gene library a recombinant(More)