F J Vittimberga

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OBJECTIVE The authors review studies relating to the immune responses evoked by laparoscopic surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Laparoscopic surgery has gained rapid acceptance based on clinical grounds. Patients benefit from faster recovery, decreased pain, and quicker return to normal activities. Only more recently have attempts been made to identify the(More)
Early recognition of hepatic function during initial graft reperfusion is important in beginning hepatic support perfusions as well as in liver transplantation. We hypothesized that both hemodynamic and metabolic perfusion variables obtained immediately after reperfusion predict eventual function during liver support or transplantation. Specific hemodynamic(More)
INTRODUCTION Transcriptional activation of the TNF-alpha gene in LPS-stimulated macrophages is dependent upon nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappaB) activity. Salicylates may interfere with NF-kappaB activity through a MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase)-dependent process. These studies investigate the effects of sodium salicylate (NaSal) on TNF-alpha(More)
Activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is associated with cell growth and transformation. Both transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) and epidermal growth factor bind to and activate EGFR. We studied the expression of TGF-alpha and two EGFRs (HER-1 and HER-2) in gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) of the stomach (n = 9) and small(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic mutations found in pancreatic cancer (K-ras, p16, p53) lead to inappropriate cellular proliferation. Mitogens stimulate proliferation via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)- and/or the p44/42-mitogen-activated protein kinase [p44/42-MAPK or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)] signaling pathways. We examined whether(More)
The mutations most common in pancreatic cancer decrease the ability to control G1 to S cell cycle progression and cellular proliferation. In colorectal cancer cells, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit proliferation and induce cell cycle arrest. We examined whether sodium salicylate, an aspirin metabolite, could inhibit proliferation in human(More)
INTRODUCTION Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha)-induced apoptosis is limited by its coactivation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB)-dependent anti-apoptotic genes. Sodium salicylate (NaSal) inhibits NF-kappaB activation by limiting phosphorylation and degradation of its bound inhibitor protein, IkappaB-alpha. We examined whether NaSal enhances(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-a)-induced apoptosis is limited by coactivation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kb)-dependent antiapoptotic genes. Nuclear translocation of NF-kB requires degradation of ubiquitinated phospho-IkB-a by the 26S proteasome. We examined whether inhibition of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway enhances TNF-a-induced apoptosis in(More)
Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas carries a grave prognosis for affected patients. Certain oncogenes (K-ras and HER-2/neu) are mutated in a large proportion of these aggressive tumors. Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas has also been associated with loss of tumor suppressor genes (p53, DPC4, p16/MTS), either by deletion or by mutation and loss of function. Growth(More)
A 42-year-old woman was found to have intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus with extension into the inferior vena cava and right atrium. Intravenous leiomyomatosis is a rare neoplastic disease characterized by invasion of venous channels by a benign smooth muscle tumor arising either from the wall of a vessel or from a uterine myoma. Intracardiac(More)