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A fully nonlinear finite-element (FE) model is developed to investigate the impact of hysteretic and viscous material behavior on the downhole motion recorded by an array at a large-scale seismic test site in Lotung, Taiwan, during the earthquake of May 20, 1986. A stick model with the same spatial interpolation accuracy as a three-dimensional FE model is(More)
SUMMARY In this paper an algorithm for large strain elasto-plasticity with isotropic hyperelasticity based on the multiplicative decomposition is formulated. The algorithm includes a (possible) constitutive equation for the plastic spin and mixed hardening in which the principal stress and principal backstress directions are not necessarily preserved. It is(More)
A 3D finite-element model is developed to study soil-structure interaction (SSI) effects at a Large-Scale Seismic Test (LSST) site in Lotung, Taiwan, during the earthquake of May 20, 1986. Analyses are carried out by direct method incorporating a 1/4-scale nuclear plant containment structure. The containment structure is modeled as a linearly elastic(More)
Efficient and accurate simulation of the deformations in anisotropic metallic sheets requires a constitutive model and an accompanying algorithm at large strains which take into account the anisotropy of both the elastic and plastic material behaviors, as well as their evolution with plastic strains. Recently we proposed such a constitutive model based on(More)
What-You-Prescribe-Is-What-You-Get (WYPIWYG) procedures are a novel and general phenomenological approach to modelling the behavior of soft materials, applicable to biological tissues in particular. For the hyperelastic case, these procedures solve numerically the nonlinear elastic material determination problem. In this paper we show that they can be(More)
Many biological soft tissues are structurally composed of a mostly isotropic matrix (elastin) and fibers (collagen). These fibers are not perfectly aligned but dispersed around some referential, preferred directions. In order to account for the dispersion of the fibers, a probability distribution is assumed. The Generalized Structure Tensor (GST) models(More)
In this paper we present a model and a fully implicit algorithm for large strain anisotropic elasto-plasticity with mixed hardening in which the elastic anisotropy is taken into account. The formulation is developed using hyperelasticity in terms of logarithmic strains, the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient into an elastic and a(More)
A constitutive theory for orthotropic materials is briefly summarized. The constitutive theory allows for anisotropy of the elastic response and anisotropy resulting from both the yield function and the kinematic hardening. The formulation also includes a constitutive theory, thermodynamically consistent, for the plastic spin and the re-orientation of the(More)
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