F J Kottke

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The training of coordination is generally considered a volitional activity, during which, by trial and perception of results, an individual selects the muscular activity resulting in the desired performance. This concept of volitionally directed complex coordination of multiple muscles with speed, skill, and strength does not stand the test of thorough(More)
All motor activity is based on inherent reflexes and on modification of those reflexes by higher centers. The reflex patterns are developed as the result of the neuronal connections and remain consistent rather than showing variability. It is only the extent of spread of excitation through the entire distribution of the reflex pathway that changes with(More)
Some common, yet erroneous, attitudes and perceptions about stroke still persist. These warrant reconsideration: (1) benefits of stroke rehabilitation (including validity of its basis, life expectancy, adequacy in nursing homes, outcome prediction, cost benefits, and vocational outcome); (2) gait training (including evaluation methods, gait patterns, hand(More)
Muscle spindles have two kinds of sensory fibers, each with stretch-sensitive endings on the nuclear bag muscle fibers and the nuclear chain muscle fibers within the spindle. The stretch reflex responses initiated by the primary sensory fibers have been well defines. There are other stretch reflexes of poorly defined origin and distribution. Clinical(More)
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