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In adults low birthweight and thinness at birth are associated with increased risk of glucose intolerance and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We have examined the relations between size at birth (birthweight, thinness at birth) and levels of plasma glucose and serum insulin in children, and compared them with the effects of childhood size. We(More)
atmospheric pollution.5 In this study, collecting the data blind and the absence of obvious change in gradient occurring when the doctors learnt of the date mining started excluded bias as the cause ofthe changes recorded. The sustained change in gradient after the start of mining suggests that the cause of the change had also continued. Thus it could not(More)
Factors operating in fetal life or during childhood may be important in determining fibrinogen and factor VII concentrations in adult life, and particularly in explaining social gradients in cardiovascular disease risk. In 1994, the authors measured fibrinogen and factor VIIc levels in 641 children aged 10-11 years (61% response rate) from schools in five(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether cardiovascular risk factors differ in children from towns in England and Wales with widely differing adult cardiovascular death rates. DESIGN School based survey conducted during 1994 in 10 towns, five with exceptionally high adult cardiovascular mortality (standardised mortality ratio 131-143) and five with exceptionally low(More)
The last three years have seen considerable changes in the process of public health medicine (PHM) training in the UK. Reforms following the Calman report have ensured the development of training programmes with defined objectives, assessment and duration. 1,2 These changes have been broadly welcomed, but raise challenges for academic training where there(More)
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