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BACKGROUND In vertebrates and plants, DNA methylation is one of the major mechanisms regulating gene expression. Recently, a family of methyl-CpG-binding proteins has been identified, and some members, such as MeCP2 and MBD2, were shown to mediate gene repression by recruiting histone deacetylase complexes to methylated genes. However, the function of(More)
Sister chromatids duplicated in S phase are connected with each other during G(2) and M phase until the onset of anaphase. This chromatid cohesion is essential for correct segregation of genetic material to daughter cells. Recently, understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing chromatid cohesion in yeast has been greatly advanced, whereas these(More)
The yeast Y' element is a highly polymorphic repetitive sequence present in the subtelomeric regions of many yeast telomeres. The Y' element is classed as either Y'-L or Y'-S, depending on its length. It has been reported that survivors arising from telomerase-deficient yeast mutants compensate for telomere loss by the amplification of Y' elements. The(More)
BACKGROUND Telomerase consists of two essential subunits, the template RNA (TR; telomerase RNA) and the catalytic subunit TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase). Knockout mice with a mTR (mouse TR) deletion have been described and well characterized. However, mice with a mTERT (mouse TERT) deletion have not been reported. RESULTS mTERT-knockout mice have(More)
The jumping translocation (JT) is a rare chromosomal abnormality in which a specific chromosomal segment translocates onto the ends of various chromosomes (jumps). In most cases, the region distal to 1q21 jumps onto numerous different telomeres. Here we report a molecular study of the JT involving 1q21 found in a patient with acute myelomonocytic leukemia(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate how the thickness of the masseter muscle relates to the maxillofacial morphology, including the thickness of alveolar process in the mandibular incisor region, and the thickness of the mandibular symphysis. The subjects consisted of 80 adult male volunteers (mean age: 23 years 8 months). The relationship between(More)
Telomerase activation is important for carcinogenesis. However, the timing and magnitude of the activation during cancer development are unknown. In this study, a new PCR-based method for measuring telomerase activity was developed and shown to be very useful for quantitative analysis of human telomerase. Using this assay, blood or bone marrow cells from(More)
Human cDNA clones encoding the UUAG-binding heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) D0 protein have been isolated and expressed. The protein has two RNA-binding domains (RBDs) in the middle part of the protein and an RGG box, a region rich in glycine and arginine residues, in the C-terminal part ("2xRBD-Gly" structure). The hnRNP A1, A2/B1, and D0(More)