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Immediately after open heart operations (extracorporeal circulation) 22 patients were investigated in 2 groups at the intensive care unit. Whereas the control group received Ringer lactate as postoperative infusion (RL-group), the 2nd group was given 50% glucose (0.5 g/kg/h) and insulin (250 U/1,000 cc) (GI-group). In case of need (blood glucose level)(More)
Metabolic myocardial preservation by means of preischemic insulin administration (glucose-potassium-insulin, GPI; acute parenteral alimentation, APA) with the aim of a preischemic myocardial glycogen enrichment was performed in 20 consecutive CABG patients (12 in the APA group, 8 in the control group). Before and after 30 min of an infusion (APA or 0.9%(More)
Since 1975 at the 2. Dept. of Surgery, University of Vienna, Austria, artificial circulation devices and artificial hearts have been constructed and in experimental use. We started a clinical heart transplantation (HTX) program in 1984, and up to now more than 40 HTXs have been performed. Since May 1986, 3 patients--all suffering from end stage dilatative(More)
Control strategies for total artificial heart application have generally been based on experience with healthy animals. Human patients in a bad state of health who have impaired organ functions and who are subjected to intensive care procedures can develop atypical hemodynamic behavior. In these patients, both unstable and hyperstable behavior of the(More)
UNLABELLED Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) inhibits tissue factor/factor VIIa-dependent thrombin formation and platelet procoagulant activity. These pathways may trigger thrombin generation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We hypothesized that the therapeutic combination of PGE1 and heparin increases the degree of anticoagulation as measured by reduced thrombin(More)
Objective: To demonstrate that emergency aortic valve replacement can be successfully performed in patients with critical aortic stenosis and reduced left ventricular function even in cardiogenic shock with associated severe multiple organ failure. Design: Retrospective, consecutive case series. Setting: Multidisciplinary intensive care unit of a tertiary(More)