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BACKGROUND Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) mRNA expression has been reported to be up-regulated in adipose tissue from several rodent models of obesity and diabetes and from obese humans. This elevated expression has been assumed to be associated with the development of insulin resistance. However, the biological signal of TNF may be influenced by the(More)
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show an increased adipose production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in human obesity. It was hypothesized from this finding and other data, that TNF-α may be a mediator of obesity-linked insulin resistance.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure plasma concentrations of the two soluble TNF-α receptors, together(More)
Recent studies demonstrated significantly higher serum leptin concentrations in females as compared with males, even after correction for differences in body fat mass. The aim of our study was to measure serum leptin concentrations in a large group of obese children and adolescents to determine the possible role of sex steroid hormones on both leptin serum(More)
A novel ER-subtype, the ER-beta has recently been characterized in various tissues, furthermore five isoforms of the ER-beta are known (ER-beta1--ER-beta5). Using immunoblotting and real- time RT-PCR, ER-alpha and beta were studied in human adipose tissue. The expression of ER-alpha mRNA was equal in subcutaneous gluteal adipose tissue, subcutaneous(More)
Since evidence has appeared that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is involved in the loss of body fat in the course of wasting diseases, a large number of studies have investigated the physiological role of this cytokine in adipose tissue. TNF treatment of several in vitro models of adipogenesis clearly showed that TNF is a potent inhibitor of adipose(More)
Differences in fat cell size and function among adipose tissue depots are well known and may be important in the pathophysiology of the metabolic and cardiovascular complications of obesity. Since the newly discovered adipocyte hormone leptin is thought to be a central factor in the regulation of energy homeostasis, it may be interesting to know if there(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is known to inhibit fat cell development in vitro and to be expressed in adipose tissue suggesting that it may act as an auto-/paracrine regulator of adipose tissue mass in vivo. We demonstrate here that endogenous TNF-mRNA expression of cultured human preadipocytes and adipocytes is suppressed by the unspecific(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) inhibits fat cell differentiation and may also mediate insulin resistance in adipocytes. Both TNF receptors are expressed in adipose tissue, but it is unknown how both receptors are involved in these biological functions. We therefore studied the effect of receptor-specific TNF muteins on adipose differentiation and(More)
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