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All cancers are caused by somatic mutations; however, understanding of the biological processes generating these mutations is limited. The catalogue of somatic mutations from a cancer genome bears the signatures of the mutational processes that have been operative. Here we analysed 4,938,362 mutations from 7,042 cancers and extracted more than 20 distinct(More)
The array-based comparative genomic hybridization using microarrayed bacterial artificial chromosome clones allows high-resolution analysis of genome-wide copy number changes in tumors. To analyze the genetic alterations of primary lung adenocarcinoma in a high-throughput way, we used laser-capture microdissection of cancer cells and array comparative(More)
To clarify genome-wide DNA methylation profiles during multistage renal carcinogenesis, bacterial artificial chromosome array-based methylated CpG island amplification (BAMCA) was performed. Non-cancerous renal cortex tissue obtained from patients with clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) (N) was at the precancerous stage where DNA hypomethylation and(More)
Protocadherins are a major subfamily of the cadherin superfamily, but little is known about their functions and intracellular signal transduction. We identified a homozygous loss of protocadherin 20 (PCDH20, 13q21.2) in the course of a program to screen a panel of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines (1 of 20 lines) for genomic copy number(More)
To identify genes whose expression patterns are altered by methylation of DNA, we established a method for scanning human genomes for methylated DNA sequences, namely bacterial artificial chromosome array-based methylated CpG island amplification (BAMCA). In the course of a program using BAMCA to screen neuroblastoma cell lines for aberrant DNA methylation(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to clarify genetic and epigenetic alterations occurring during renal carcinogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Copy number alterations were examined by array-based comparative genomic hybridization analysis using an array harboring 4,361 bacterial artificial chromosome clones, and DNA methylation alterations on CpG islands of(More)
An effective technique using an Escherichia coli plasmid system was developed to clone fragments of exogenous DNA of as large as 100 kilobase pairs. The characteristic features of this technique are the use of a low copy number (one to two) mini-F based plasmid vector and the introduction of artificial lambda cosR ends into the termini of DNA sources and(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the genetic backgrounds underlying the clinicopathological characteristics of urothelial carcinomas (UCs). Array comparative genomic hybridization analysis using a 244K oligonucleotide array was performed on 49 samples of UC tissue. Losses of 2q33.3-q37.3, 4p15.2-q13.1 and 5q13.3-q35.3 and gains of 7p11.2-q11.23 and(More)
To establish diagnostic criteria for ductal adenocarcinomas of the pancreas (PCs), bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) array-based methylated CpG island amplification was performed using 139 tissue samples. Twelve BAC clones, for which DNA methylation status was able to discriminate cancerous tissue (T) from noncancerous pancreatic tissue in the learning(More)
Genetic rearrangement of the ROS1 receptor tyrosine kinase was recently identified as a distinct molecular signature for human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, direct evidence of lung carcinogenesis induced by ROS1 fusion genes remains to be verified. The present study shows that EZR-ROS1 plays an essential role in the oncogenesis of NSCLC(More)