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Although the mechanical behavior of the top layer of the skin, the epidermis, is an important consideration in several clinical and cosmetic applications, there are few reported studies on this layer. The in vivo mechanical behavior of the upper skin layer (here defined as epidermis and papillar dermis) was characterized using a combined experimental and(More)
The mechanical properties of human skin are of great importance to predict skin doming in a shaver. Brokken [1] showed that among others the role of the different skin layers is important. The goal of this joint PhD-project by Eindhoven University of Technology and PCI is to determine the mechanical properties of different skin layers. Current knowledge(More)
Knowledge about the mechanical behaviour of the human skin can help to quantify the effectiveness of cosmetic products and to evaluate skin diseases and pressure sores. Besides that, information about mechanical properties can be used in numerical skin models. Philips is particularly interested in the mechanical behaviour of the skin for shaving research,(More)
The increasing popularity of finite element techniques to solve fluid flow problems has been due, in large part, to its geometric flexibility and adaptability. APL shares that property. Therefore, it is a natural companion to finite element modelling. The closeness of control that APL allows during algorithm and program development is especially welcome(More)
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