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PURPOSE To define the effects of abdominal radiotherapy on the kidney with regard to dose-distribution parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ninety-one patients with abdominal radiotherapy were included in the study, and the minimum follow-up was 1 year. Conventional fractionation, 5 x 1.8-2.0 Gy week(-1) to total doses of 30.6-62.5 Gy, was employed.(More)
PURPOSE Diarrhea and abdominal pain are well-known side effects abdominal or pelvic of radiation therapy that may lead to interruption of treatment in serious cases. In recent trials the silicate smectite has proven a promising drug in the prophylaxis of these adverse events. The presented trial aimed at the verification of earlier studies and the(More)
Between 1981 and 1983 48 patients with an average age of 54 years have had an arterial embolization of internal iliac artery. In 7 patients this was done preoperatively within a clinical study, in 41 ones because of profuse vaginal bleedings. In 6 patients there was a vital indication. In all cases survival time was 152 days. In two cases a re-embolization(More)
PURPOSE Radiotherapy induced diarrhea and convulsive pain are severe side-effects of irradiation of the pelvis and the abdomen leading often to an interruption of the treatment. Up to now these side-effects were only treated symptomatically, prophylactic therapies are not known. PATIENTS AND METHODS During the years 1992 and 1993 174 patients who obtained(More)
BACKGROUND The D-xylose test is the most important method to determine a disorder of carbohydrates resorption in proximal small intestine. The application is based on an impaired resorption due to pathological change of small intestine surface, leading to a decreased blood level or decreased excretion in urine. PATIENTS AND METHOD D-xylose test was(More)
Interstitial brachytherapy of intracerebral tumours was stimulated through the introduction of computed tomography and afterloading technique. Biopsies for their histologic verification as well as the stereotactic implantation of plastic tubes and adjusted to the extent of the tumour can be carried out with a high degree of exactitude by means of(More)