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A challenge when designing membrane-active peptide antibiotics with therapeutic potential is how to ensure a useful antibacterial activity whilst avoiding unacceptable cytotoxicity for host cells. Understanding their mode of interaction with membranes and the reasons underlying their ability to distinguish between bacterial and eukaryotic cytoplasmic cells(More)
The problem of multidrug resistance requires the efficient and accurate identification of new classes of antimicrobial agents. Endogenous antimicrobial peptides produced by most organisms are a promising source of such molecules. We have exploited the high conservation of signal sequences in teleost and anuran antimicrobial peptides to search cDNA(More)
LL-37 is a multifunctional component of innate immunity, with a membrane-directed antimicrobial activity and receptor-mediated pleiotropic effects on host cells. Sequence variations in its primate orthologues suggest that two types of functional features have evolved; human LL-37-like peptides form amphipathic helical structures and self-assemble under(More)
Six different cathelicidin-derived peptides were compared to tobramycin for antibacterial and anti-biofilm effects against S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, and S. maltophilia strains isolated from cystic fibrosis patients. Overall, SMAP-29, BMAP-28, and BMAP-27 showed relevant antibacterial activity (MIC(50) 4-8μg/ml), and in some cases higher than tobramycin. In(More)
A single-chain fragment variable (scFv) recognizing β2-glycoprotein 1 (β2GPI) from humans and other species was isolated from a human phage display library and engineered to contain an IgG1 hinge-CH2-CH3 domain. The scFv-Fc directed against β2GPI domain I-induced thrombosis and fetal loss, thus mimicking the effect of antibodies from patients with(More)
Bac7 is a proline-rich antimicrobial peptide, selective for Gram-negative bacteria, which acts intracellularly after membrane translocation. Progressively shortened fragments of Bac7 allowed determining the minimal sequence required for entry and antimicrobial activity as a 16-residue, N-terminal fragment, while further shortening led to a marked decrease(More)
The yeast-like algae of the genus Prototheca are ubiquitous saprophytes causing infections in immunocompromised patients and granulomatous mastitis in cattle. Few available therapies and the rapid spread of resistant strains worldwide support the need for novel drugs against protothecosis. Host defence antimicrobial peptides inactivate a wide array of(More)
Lipid plasma levels were measured in a group of 251 adipose juveniles. Triglycerides were elevated in relation to age but not to weight excess. Cholesterol and LDL levels had a same behaviour, through childhood toward adolescence, with significantly higher values in males than in females. VLDL levels prove a significative increase in reference to BML rise,(More)
Short peptides offer a cheap alternative to antibodies for developing sensing units in devices for concentration measurement. We here describe a computational procedure that allows designing peptides capable of binding with high affinity a target organic molecule in aqueous or nonstandard solvent environments. The algorithm is based on a stochastic search(More)