F. Groppi

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Radioactive emissions into the atmosphere from the damaged reactors of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (NPP) started on March 12th, 2011. Among the various radionuclides released, iodine-131 ((131)I) and cesium isotopes ((137)Cs and (134)Cs) were transported across the Pacific toward the North American continent and reached Europe despite(More)
The use of platinum, palladium and rhodium (Platinum Group Elements - PGEs) and the possibility of exposure to their ultratrace levels is increasing. In fact, the exponential development of metallic PGE-based nanoparticles (<100 nm in size) opens extraordinary perspectives in the areas of electrocatalysts and catalytic converters, magnetic nanopowders,(More)
The concentrations (ng/m3) of more than 30 trace elements have been determined in the total air particulate matter and in the size-segregated fractions collected in urban, industrialized, and rural residential areas in northern Italy by means of a multistage inertial impactor with the PM10 inlet. All measurements have been carried out by instrumental(More)
The short-lived (12.7h half-life) (64)Cu radioisotope is both a beta(+) and a beta(-) emitter. This property makes (64)Cu a promising candidate for novel medical applications, since it can be used simultaneously for therapeutic application of radiolabelled biomolecules and for diagnosis with PET. Following previous work on (64)Cu production by deuteron(More)
Despite the cyclotron production method and the efficiency of the radiochemical procedures adopted, the long-lived radio-isotopic impurity 202Tl is always present in [201Tl]-labelled radio-pharmaceuticals, together with other short-lived impurities like, 200Tl. Rapid determination of the 202Tl impurity, can be achieved using HPGe gamma spectrometry and a(More)
Very high specific activity (A(S)) (186g)Re could be produced by either proton or deuteron cyclotron irradiation on highly enriched (186)W target in no-carrier-added (NCA) form, leading to a A(S) very close to the theoretical carrier free (CF) value of 6.88GBqmicrog(-1). Thick target yields (TTYs), obtained irradiating both thick metal W targets of natural(More)
This work describes the method adopted in our laboratories, to produce 94gTc, 95gTc, 95mTc and 96gTc radionuclides via proton-cyclotron irradiation on molybdenum targets of natural isotopic composition. A new set of experimental thin-target excitation functions and "effective" cross-sections for direct natMo(p,xn)(A)Tc [with A = 94, 95, 95, 96] nuclear(More)
Two widespread misconceptions regarding Tc are dealt with. First, it is shown that although primordial Tc has decayed completely, Tc is still present in nature due to natural processes, in addition to substantial man-made quantities. Thus, Tc cannot be considered as a purely artificial element. Second, it is shown that (99m)Tc from (99)Mo/(99m)Tc generators(More)
Potential environmental impacts of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) can be understood taking into consideration phytotoxicity. We reported on the effects of ionic (FeCl3), micro- and nano-sized zerovalent iron (nZVI) about the development of three macrophytes: Lepidium sativum, Sinapis alba and Sorghum saccharatum. Four toxicity indicators (seed germination,(More)