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PURPOSE Sleep-related complex motor seizures are a common feature of nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy. Nevertheless, recent studies also suggest that sleep-related hypermotor seizures can originate in the insula. The present study describes the electroclinical features of eight drug-resistant epileptic patients with insular-opercular seizures manifesting(More)
StereoElectroEncephaloGraphy (SEEG) is done to identify the epileptogenic zone of the brain using several multi-lead electrodes whose positions in the brain are pre-operatively defined. Intracranial hemorrhages due to disruption of blood vessels can cause major complications of this procedure ( $$<$$ < 1 %). In order to increase the intervention safety, we(More)
Laughter is a complex motor behavior that, typically, expresses mirth. Despite its fundamental role in social life, knowledge about the neural basis of laughter is very limited and mostly based on a few electrical stimulation (ES) studies carried out in epileptic patients. In these studies laughter was elicited from temporal areas where it was accompanied(More)
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and postoperative seizure outcome of epileptogenic tumors associated with focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) compared to both solitary FCD type I and solitary tumors. Particular attention is given to FCD type IIIb (tumors associated with FCD type I), which have been recently classified(More)
The hypothesis that sleep is instrumental in the process of memory consolidation is currently largely accepted. Hippocampal formation is involved in the acquisition of declarative memories and particularly of spatial memories. Nevertheless, although largely investigated in rodents, the relations between spatial memory and hippocampal EEG activity have been(More)
OBJECT The authors report on the use of stereoelectroencephalography (stereo-EEG) in the presurgical electroclinical evaluation of infants and very young children with focal drug-resistant epilepsy. METHODS Fifteen patients (9 girls and 6 boys, mean age 34.1 ± 7.3 months, range 21-45 months), potentially candidates to receive surgical treatment for their(More)
OBJECT Radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RF-TC) of presumed epileptogenic lesions and/or structures has gained new popularity as a treatment option for drug-resistant focal epilepsy, mainly in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. The role of this minimally invasive procedure in more complex cases of drug-resistant epilepsy, which may require(More)
OBJECTIVE Epilepsy surgery is an effective means of treating focal epilepsy associated with long-term epilepsy-associated tumors. This study evaluated a large population of surgically treated patients with childhood onset of epilepsy and a histologically confirmed diagnosis of long-term epilepsy-associated tumors. The authors analyzed long-term seizure(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are frequently associated with a seizure disorder, and the risk of developing drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) is substantial, especially for temporal lobe lesions. This article includes a review of the literature on the surgical treatment of epilepsy associated to CCMs in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) era, as(More)
It was recently proposed that the neural substrate mediating smile production might play a key role also in the recognition of others' smile. This hypothesis, however, has been challenged by difficulties in eliciting ecological smiling in standard laboratory settings. Here we report of a case where these difficulties were overcome by combining electrical(More)