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Freund's adjuvant induced polyarthritis in rats has been used extensively to study pain processes of long duration. There are limitations of this model for chronic studies of pain/arthritis since the severe systemic changes provoke ethical concerns and also affect behaviour, physiology and biochemistry. Attempts to limit adjuvant-induced arthritis by(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that a descending dopaminergic pathway innervates the dorsal and the intermediate gray matter of the spinal cord and have suggested that this pathway is involved in pain modulation and in the control of autonomic functions. Other studies have also demonstrated the presence of dopamine (DA) and DA metabolites as well as of(More)
The effects of morphine (10 mg/kg/s.c.) on tryptophan (TRP), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels were studied in normal and arthritic rats. (1) In normal rats morphine induced a discrete but significant increase of 5-HIAA levels in the forebrain and the spinal cord. (2) By contrast, in rats suffering from experimentally(More)
This report described a new microdissection procedure to evaluate the regional distribution of neuromediators in the rat spinal cord. Different segments are first divided into sagittal slices. From these, different grey and white matter regions can be microdissected. This permits selective biochemical measurements in different laminae, including the area(More)
Age-related changes in the content of dopamine (DA), homovanillic acid (HVA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT), serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in anterior cerebral cortex, hippocampus and striatum of the rat have been investigated using HPLC with electrochemical detection. A significant decrease in HVA(More)
In a chronic pain model, the arthritic rat, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) have been shown to clearly reduce behavioural signs of nociception. In the present work, using a test of acute nociception (vocalization threshold to graded foot pressure) in the same model, we evaluated the possible potentiation of morphine analgesia by 2 TCAs: amitriptyline(More)
The effect of various doses of acute morphine on both analgesia and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) synthesis in the brain and the spinal cord has been studied in rats rendered tolerant by chronic administration of the analgesic. In morphine-tolerant rats, the incorporation of tritiated-L-tryptophan (TRP) in the brain and the spinal cord was higher than in(More)
Age-related changes in the levels of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites were measured in seven cerebral cortical areas and in the striatum of 3, 10 and 27 month-old Sprague-Dawley rats. An age-related increase in DA levels was observed in the somatomotor (SM) cortex. In contrast, a decrease was observed in the temporal (T) cortex. Decreases in homovanillic(More)
Numerous studies from the past two decades suggest that the bulbospinal serotonergic and noradrenergic systems are involved in pain modulation at the spinal level. More recently the occurrence of a diencephalo-dopaminergic system has been demonstrated and there is evidence that this pathway may also participate in pain modulation. Several works have been(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate modifications of 5-HT synthesis in a chronic pain model, the arthritic rat, at different times after the inoculation with Freund's adjuvant. This study confirms our previous findings that experimental induced polyarthritis is associated with a marked increase in free tryptophan levels in serum. During the acute(More)