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Tissue infiltration of macrophages, although critical for innate immunity, is also involved in pathologies, such as chronic inflammation and cancer. In vivo, macrophages migrate mostly in a constrained three-dimensional (3D) environment. However, in vitro studies, mainly focused on two dimensions, do not provide meaningful clues about the mechanisms(More)
We show experimentally and theoretically that reaction systems characterized by a slow induction period followed by a fast evolution to equilibrium can readily generate "spatial bistability" when operated in thin gel reactors diffusively fed from one side. This phenomenon which corresponds to the coexistence of two different stable steady states, not(More)
The glucose permeability of bilayers formed from phosphatidylcholine, Brij30, and sodium octadecyl sulfate has been determined via an enzymatic reaction. Glucose is encapsulated in either uni- or multilamellar vesicles (MLV) and its concentration in the dispersion medium is monitored by spectrophotometry analysis through the rate of glucose(More)
The rheological properties of a new type of colloidal dispersion based on nanoparticles of gelled oil have been characterized. The nanoparticles (mean diameter approximately 250 nm) were viscoelastic droplets of dicaprylyl ether gelled by 12-hydroxystearic acid (HSA) and were stabilized in aqueous solutions by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. The effects of(More)
Hybrid gold-polymer nanoparticles are obtained by self-assembly of amphiphilic copolymers (Pluronics) in solutions containing preformed gold nanoparticles (diameter ca. 12 nm). Dynamic light scattering, TEM, cryo-TEM, and small-angle neutron scattering experiments with contrast variation are used to characterize the structure of the gold-polymer particles.(More)
The first experimental evidence of a chemomechanical mechanism leading to morphogenetic instabilities is demonstrated experimentally. The system consists of a pH-responsive gel that swells at high pH and shrinks at low pH, and a bistable reaction system exhibiting an acid steady state (pH approximately 2) and an alkaline steady state (pH approximately 10).(More)
A photo-controlled and quasi-reversible switch of the luminescence of hexadecylamine-coated ZnO nanocrystals (ZnO@HDA Ncs) is operated via a molecular photoswitch (dithienylethene, DTE). The interaction between the DTE switch and the ZnO@HDA Ncs is thoroughly investigated using NMR spectroscopy techniques, including DOSY and NOESY, showing that the DTE(More)