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Tissue infiltration of macrophages, although critical for innate immunity, is also involved in pathologies, such as chronic inflammation and cancer. In vivo, macrophages migrate mostly in a constrained three-dimensional (3D) environment. However, in vitro studies, mainly focused on two dimensions, do not provide meaningful clues about the mechanisms(More)
We show experimentally and theoretically that reaction systems characterized by a slow induction period followed by a fast evolution to equilibrium can readily generate "spatial bistability" when operated in thin gel reactors diffusively fed from one side. This phenomenon which corresponds to the coexistence of two different stable steady states, not(More)
We show both experimentally and numerically that the time scales separation introduced by long range activation can induce oscillations and excitability in nonequilibrium reaction-diffusion systems that would otherwise only exhibit bistability. Namely, we show that in the chlorite-tetrathionate reaction, where the autocatalytic species H+ diffuses faster(More)
524nm 524nm 313nm Scheme of the irreversible diarylethene isomerization. The diacid's first oxidation redox couple of dithienylethene have been measured for both photoisomers: closed form E°(DTE-c + /DTE-c) = 0.8 V vs SCE and open form E°(DTE-o + /DTE-o) = 1.4 V vs SCE. 1 Thus, the closed form is thermodynamically more prone to undergo oxidation than the(More)
Di- and triblock non-ionic copolymers based on poly(ethylene oxide) and poly(propylene oxide) were studied for the stabilization of nanoparticles in water at high ionic strength. The effect of the molecular architecture (di- vs. triblock) of these amphiphilic copolymers was investigated by using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as probes for colloidal stability.(More)
The acid-auto-activated chlorite-tetrathionate reaction is studied in a one-side-fed spatial reactor. It was previously shown that in these conditions the unstirred reaction-diffusion system can generate oscillatory and excitable states even though under well-stirred nonequilibrium conditions only steady-state bistability is observed. Numerical simulations(More)
A one-step and room temperature synthesis toward metallic and metal oxide nanoparticles soluble both in water and organic solvent is reported. This was achieved using amino-PEG oligomers that make it possible to control the size and shape of the nanoparticles.
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