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The present work describes, for the first time, the changes that take place in the leaf apoplastic antioxidant defenses in response to NaCl stress in two pea (Pisum sativum) cultivars (cv Lincoln and cv Puget) showing different degrees of sensitivity to high NaCl concentrations. The results showed that only superoxide dismutase, and probably(More)
The present work describes the intrachloroplast localization and the changes that took place in the thylakoid and stroma-located superoxide dismutases (SOD, EC 1.15.1.1) and ascorbate peroxidases (APX, EC 1.11.1.11), in response to long-term NaCl stress in Pisum sativum L. cv. Puget plants. Native PAGE using high chloroplast protein concentrations pointed(More)
The antioxidant function of 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (Prx) involves the oxidation of its conserved peroxidatic cysteine to sulphenic acid that is recycled by a reductor agent. In conditions of oxidative stress, the peroxidatic cysteine can be overoxidized to sulphinic acid inactivating the Prx. An enzyme recently discovered, named sulfiredoxin (Srx), reduces the(More)
A manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) was fully characterized from leaves of the higher plant Pisum sativum L., var. Lincoln. The amino acid composition determined for the enzyme was compared with that of a wide spectrum of superoxide dismutases and found to have a highest degree of homology with the mitochondrial manganese superoxide(More)
In this work the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the enzymes of the ascorbate-glutathione (ASC-GSH) cycle were investigated in chloroplasts and mitochondria from leaves of Pisum sativum L. cv. Puget after 15 days treatment with 0-130 mM NaCl. The main chloroplastic SOD activity was due to CuZn-SOD II, which was increased significantly (about(More)
Leaf senescence and associated changes in redox components were monitored in commercial pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Phoenix) plants grown under different nitrogen regimes for 12 weeks until both nodules and leaves had fully senesced. One group of plants was inoculated with Rhizobium leguminosarum and grown with nutrient solution without nitrogen. A second(More)
In plants, the presence of thioredoxin (Trx), peroxiredoxin (Prx), and sulfiredoxin (Srx) has been reported as a component of a redox system involved in the control of dithiol-disulfide exchanges of target proteins, which modulate redox signalling during development and stress adaptation. Plant thiols, and specifically redox state and regulation of thiol(More)
The pea peroxiredoxin homologue PsPrxII F of the Arabidopsis thaliana mitochondrial AtPrxII F was isolated as cDNA and genomic DNA, and characterized in respect to its biochemical and molecular properties. The deduced amino acid sequence contains an N-terminal targeting address for mitochondrial import. Mitochondrial location of PsPrxII F was confirmed by(More)
A cDNA sequence coding for a pea (Pisum sativum L.) 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (2-Cys Prx) has been cloned. The deduced amino acid sequence showed a high sequence homology to the 2-Cys Prx enzymes of Phaseolus vulgaris (86%), Arabidopsis thaliana (75%), and Spinacia oleracea (75%), and contained a chloroplast target sequence at its N-terminus. The mature enzyme,(More)
A manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) was purified to homogeneity from a higher plant for the first time. The enzyme was isolated fromPisum sativum leaf extracts by thermal fractionation, ammonium sulfate salting out, ion-exchange and gel-filtration column chromatography, and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Pure manganese(More)