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Two experiments were conducted to reveal the effects of grain-induced subacute rumen acidosis (SARA) on thiamine status in blood and rumen fluid in dairy cows. In both experiments, 6 multiparous, rumen-fistulated Holstein dairy cows were used in a 2-treatment, 2-period crossover design. Each experimental period consisted of 21d (total of 42d). Experiment 1(More)
OBJECTIVE Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the industrialized world, and the incidence has been increasing in developing countries. Stem cell transplantation has emerged as a potent new therapeutic strategy for acute/chronic ischemic heart disease and has been explored extensively. The present(More)
An experiment was conducted to uncover the effects of increasing dietary grain levels on expression of thiamine transporters in ruminal epithelium, and to assess the protective effects of thiamine against high-grain-induced inflammation in dairy cows. Six rumen-fistulated, lactating Holstein dairy cows (627 ± 16.9 kg of body weight, 180 ± 6 d in milk; mean(More)
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