F. G. Herring

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The fluidity of the lipids in membrane preparations from a mutant of Escherichia coli resistant to the uncoupler CCCP, grown at different temperatures with and without CCCP, was examined by electron spin resonance using the spin probe 5-doxyl stearic acid. The fluidity of the membrane lipids at the growth temperature, as estimated using electron spin(More)
Two probe techniques, fluorescence depolarization (using diphenylhexatriene) and electron paramagnetic resonance (using 5-doxyl stearic acid), have been used to assess the fluidity of the purified plasma membranes of Dictyostelium discoideum. Both techniques indicate that a large incorporation of polyunsaturated fatty acids into the plasma membranes does(More)
There are only minor changes in the amounts of the major lipid constituents of Dictyostelium discoideum plasma membranes during the early stages in the differentiation of this organism. By the time cells reach the pseudoplasmodial stage of development there are small increases in the amounts of phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, and(More)
Dictyostelium discoideum grown axenically in media containing polyunsaturated fatty acids exhibited normal growth rates but impaired differentiation (Weeks, G. (1976) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 450, 21--32). Since cell-cell contact is vital for differentiation but unnecessary for growth we have examined the isolated plasma membranes of these cells. The lipids(More)
Structural and functional characteristics of erythrocytes and isolated erythrocyte membranes from known malignant hyperthermia (MH) carriers have been examined in the hope of deriving some information concerning the underlying molecular basis of this genetic abnormality, which may represent a state of generalized membrane involvement. The increase in(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae tRNA and 5S RNA, Escherichia coli 5S RNA, and wheat germ 5S RNA have each been specifically spin-labeled at the 3'-terminal ribose to give morpholino-spin-labeled (MSL) RNAs. Enzymatic hydrolysis with pancreatic RNase, followed by anion-exchange chromatography, confirms the site of attachment of the spin-label. Effective rotational(More)
The line width of the proton magnetic resonance spectrum (MRS) of the composite methylene and methyl resonances of plasma has been reported as a marker for the presence of malignancy. In this study, the contribution of very low density (VLDL), low density (LDL), and high density lipoproteins (HDL) to the MRS line width was determined. This was achieved by(More)
Fucose is believed to be a marker for cancer that may be detectable by the 2D proton NMR (COSY) of human plasma. However, the COSY technique is time consuming and prone to error. These problems may be alleviated by using the SUPERCOSY pulse sequence; this technique shows that there are many other cross peaks in the region (1.3, 4.2 ppm) which are not(More)
The transmembrane permeability coefficients of the environmentally sensitive arsenicals, monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) have been measured for egg phosphatidylcholine large unilamellar vesicles. The determination of the vesicle concentration-independent first-order rate constants for membrane transport and the permeability(More)
The nature of the membranolytic interaction between monosodium urate monohydrate (MSUM) crystals and phospholipid membranes was studied using electron spin resonance. Two spin probe molecules were incorporated into intact human erythrocytes and incubated with MSUM crystals. The apparent increased fluidity of 5-doxyl stearic acid incorporated erythrocytes(More)