F Formanowski

Learn More
The spike glycoproteins of the lipid-enveloped orthomyxoviruses and paramyxoviruses have three functions: to recognize the receptor on the cell surface, to mediate viral fusion with the cell membrane, and to destroy the receptor. In influenza C virus, a single glycoprotein, the haemagglutinin-esterase-fusion (HEF) protein, possesses all three functions. In(More)
A number of different influenza C virus strains were tested for their fusion properties using a resonance energy assay which allows direct monitoring of fusion between virus membranes and artificial lipid vesicles. The fusion pH of various strains was found to range between 5.6 and 6.1. Haemolytic activity of the different strains with chicken erythrocytes(More)
The spike glycoprotein of influenza C/Johannesburg/1/66 was isolated in a soluble form by digestion of MDCK cell-grown virions with bromelain. The whole ectodomain of the glycoprotein could be recovered with an apparent molecular weight of 75,000 daltons determined in SDS-PAGE. Comparison to Triton X-100-isolated glycoprotein revealed that a C-terminal(More)
The structure of the haemagglutinin-esterase-fusion (HEF) glycoprotein from influenza C virus has been determined to 3.2 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. A synthetic mercury-containing esterase inhibitor and receptor analogue, 9-acetamidosialic acid alpha-thiomethylmercuryglycoside, was designed as the single isomorphous heavy-atom derivative. The(More)
Influenza C virus contains a single surface glycoprotein in its lipid envelope which is the hemagglutinin-esterase-fusion glycoprotein (HEF). HEF binds cell-surface receptors, is a receptor-destroying enzyme (a 9-O-acetylesterase), and mediates the fusion of virus and host cell membranes. A bromelain-released soluble form of HEF has been crystallized. Two(More)
  • 1