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beta-Adrenergic receptor kinase (beta ARK) and beta-arrestin function in the homologous or agonist-activated desensitization of G protein-coupled receptors. The isoforms beta ARK-2 and beta-arrestin-2 are highly enriched in and localized to the dendritic knobs and cilia of the olfactory receptor neurons where the initial events of olfactory signal(More)
We show that calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterase (CAM-PDE) is selectively expressed in mature olfactory receptor neurons within the olfactory mucosa. Immunocytochemical staining reveals neuronal immunoreactivity that is most pronounced within cilia, dendritic knobs, and axon bundles. Neither sustentacular cells nor basal cells display immunoreactivity.(More)
Although the cAMP and phosphoinositide (PI) second messenger systems are involved in olfactory signal transduction, aspects of their roles remain unclear. We have further examined the rapid kinetics of cAMP fluctuations in response to odorants in rat olfactory cilia isolated by calcium shock. Odorants cause a rapid and transient subsecond elevation of cAMP(More)
Odorant-stimulated formation of cAMP in olfactory receptor neurons may mediate olfactory signal transduction. The response is short and desensitization occurs rapidly, possibly by induction of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity. Previously, we showed that two low Km PDEs regulate hydrolysis of cAMP in olfactory cilia. One PDE is(More)
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