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CONTEXT Although dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors exert their major action via an incretin mechanism, a favorable effect of vildagliptin on lipid metabolism remains unexplained. OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine hepatic triglyceride levels and insulin sensitivity on vildagliptin. DESIGN This was a 6-month, randomized, double-blind,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate longitudinally the effectiveness of a cooking programme on self-reported confidence about cooking skills and food consumption patterns in parents of young children. DESIGN An evaluation of cooking programmes delivered by National Health Service (NHS) community food workers using a single group pre-test/post-test repeated measures(More)
PURPOSE Because the bioavailability of oral furosemide is erratic and often incomplete, we tested the hypothesis that patients with heart failure who were treated with torsemide, a predictably absorbed diuretic, would have more favorable clinical outcomes than would those treated with furosemide. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted an open-label trial of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is now thought to be caused by cerebral oedema although the precise pathogenesis is uncertain. We hypothesised that if ammonia is a key factor, induced hyperammonaemia would lead to transient changes in brain water distribution and metabolite concentration, detectable by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and(More)
One hundred and forty non-depressed primiparous women in a stable relationship completed two personality measures (the EPI and the IPSM) antenatally, and were then assessed for depression at several times post-natally. The risk of depression at six months was increased up to tenfold by high interpersonal sensitivity and threefold by high neuroticism. When(More)
To identify genes whose expression correlated with biological features of childhood leukemia, we prospectively analyzed the expression profiles of 4608 genes using cDNA microarrays in 51 freshly processed bone marrow samples from children with acute leukemia, over a 24-month period, at a single institution. Two supervised methods of analysis were used to(More)
In Trial 1, 12 wether lambs (34.2 +/- .8 kg BW) were used to determine the effects of restricting intake of diets increasing in percentage of concentrate, to achieve isoenergetic intakes, on digestibility and N metabolism. The trial consisted of two 14-d periods, 9 d for adaptation and 5 d for total collection of urine and feces. Treatments were 22, 39, 61,(More)
The effect of forced exercise on the development of coxsackievirus B3 myocarditis in inbred C3H/HeJ mice was studied. Four groups of mice (30 per group) were formed: infected-exercised (Group I); infected-unexercised (Group II); uninfected-exercised (Group III); and uninfected-unexercised (Group IV). Infected mice were inoculated intraperitoneally with 1.0(More)
We determined the factors associated with exacerbation of heart failure, using a cohort (n = 192) nested within a randomized trial at a university-affiliated ambulatory practice. Factors associated with emergency or hospital care included left ventricular ejection fraction, hematocrit and serum sodium levels, refill adherence, and the ability to read a(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. We hypothesized that any impairment in insulin-stimulated muscle ATP production could merely reflect the lower rates of muscle glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis, rather than cause it. If this is correct, muscle ATP turnover rates in type 2 diabetes could be increased(More)