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The modulation of developmental biochemical pathways by mechanical cues is an emerging feature of animal development, but its evolutionary origins have not been explored. Here we show that a common mechanosensitive pathway involving β-catenin specifies early mesodermal identity at gastrulation in zebrafish and Drosophila. Mechanical strains developed by(More)
Trapping of cells is essential to perform basic handling operations in cell-based microsystems, such as media exchange, concentration, cell isolation and cell sorting. Cell trapping by magnetophoresis typically requires cell labeling with magnetic nanoparticles. Here we report on endocytotic uptake of 100 nm magnetic nanoparticles by Human Embryonic Kidney(More)
This paper presents fast switching RF microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) capacitors with measured switching times between 150-400 ns. By introducing bent sides on a planar microbeam, it is shown experimentally that the resonance frequency of aluminum bridges is increased by a factor of 25 compared to standard RF MEMS components. In addition, this(More)
Interactions between a micro-magnet array and living cells may guide the establishment of cell networks due to the cellular response to a magnetic field. To manipulate mesenchymal stem cells free of magnetic nanoparticles by a high magnetic field gradient, we used high quality micro-patterned NdFeB films around which the stray field's value and direction(More)
In this paper, we demonstrate the possibility to trap and sort labeled cells under flow conditions using a microfluidic device with an integrated flat micro-patterned hard magnetic film. The proposed technique is illustrated using a cell suspension containing a mixture of Jurkat cells and HEK (Human Embryonic Kidney) 293 cells. Prior to sorting experiments,(More)
Animal development consists of a cascade of tissue differentiation and shape change. Associated mechanical signals regulate tissue differentiation. Here we demonstrate that endogenous mechanical cues also trigger biochemical pathways, generating the active morphogenetic movements shaping animal development through a mechanotransductive cascade of Myo-II(More)
Horizontal gene transfers are critical mechanisms of bacterial evolution and adaptation that are involved to a significant level in the degradation of toxic molecules such as xenobiotic pesticides. However, understanding how these mechanisms are regulated in situ and how they could be used by man to increase the degradation potential of soil microbes is(More)
Thèse dirigée par Gilbert REYNE et co-encadrée par Frédéric DUMAS-BOUCHIAT Abstract The range of applications for magnetic micro-and nano-particles is constantly expanding, in particular in medicine and biology. A number of applications involve particle trapping and deviation under the effect of a magnetic field and field gradient. In most publications, the(More)
A culture independent approach was developed for recovering individual bacterial cells out of communities from complex environments including soils and sediments where autofluorescent contaminants hinder the use of fluorescence based techniques. For that purpose fifty nanometer sized streptavidin-coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles were used to(More)
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