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Activation and disruption of Wnt/β-catenin signaling both result in cartilage breakdown via unknown mechanisms. Here we show that both WNT-3A and the Wnt inhibitor DKK1 induced de-differentiation of human articular chondrocytes through simultaneous activation of β-catenin-dependent and independent responses. WNT-3A activates both the β-catenin-dependent(More)
We have demonstrated previously that adult human synovial membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hSM-MSCs) have myogenic potential in vitro (De Bari, C., F. Dell'Accio, P. Tylzanowski, and F.P. Luyten. 2001. Arthritis Rheum. 44:1928-1942). In the present study, we have characterized their myogenic differentiation in a nude mouse model of skeletal muscle(More)
Acute full thickness joint surface defects can undergo repair, which involves tissue patterning and endochondral bone formation. Molecular signals regulating this process may contribute to the repair outcome, chronic evolution and, eventually, the onset of osteoarthritis. We tested the hypothesis that mechanical injury modulates morphogenetic pathways in(More)
OBJECTIVES To generate and validate a murine model of joint surface repair following acute mechanical injury. METHODS Full thickness defects were generated in the patellar groove of C57BL/6 and DBA/1 mice by microsurgery. Control knees were either sham-operated or non-operated. Outcome was evaluated by histological scoring systems. Apoptosis and(More)
We propose a new combination of the bivariate Shepard operators [10] by the three point Lidstone polynomials introduced in [12]. The new combination inherits both degree of exactness and Lidstone interpolation conditions at each node, which characterize the interpolation polynomial. These new operators …nd application to the scattered data interpolation(More)
Recently we have introduced a new technique for combining classical bivariate Shepard operators with three point polynomial interpolation operators (Dell’Accio and Di Tommaso, On the extension of the Shepard-Bernoulli operators to higher dimensions, unpublished). This technique is based on the association, to each sample point, of a triangle with a vertex(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate that posttranslational modification of type II collagen (CII) by reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are known to be present in inflamed arthritic joints, can give rise to epitopes specific to damaged cartilage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) and to establish a proof of concept that antibodies specific to(More)
OBJECTIVE ELR+ CXC chemokines are heparin-binding cytokines signalling through the CXCR1 and CXCR2 receptors. ELR+ CXC chemokines have been associated with inflammatory arthritis due to their capacity to attract inflammatory cells. Here, we describe an unsuspected physiological function of these molecules in articular cartilage homeostasis. METHODS(More)
Culture conditions that preserve a stable chondrocyte phenotype are desirable in cell-based cartilage repair to maximize efficacy and clinical outcome. This study investigates whether low-glucose conditions will preserve the chondrocyte phenotype during culture expansion. Articular chondrocytes were culture-expanded in media supplemented with either low (1(More)