Learn More
Due the likely role of H1 histone variants in inducing the formation of folded DNA filaments with different stabilities, the condensing capacity of the testis-specific H1t versus the somatic variants was tested. Circular dichroism analyses of rat testis H1-depleted oligonucleosomes (5-2kbp) revealed that H1t, which appears in germ cells during the meiotic(More)
Rat testis H1 proteins were poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated in vitro. The modifying product, poly(ADP-ribose), was found covalently bound to each histone variant at various extents and exhibited distinct structural features (linear and short, rather than branched and long chains). Interest was focused on the somatic H1a, particularly abundant in the testis, as(More)
The rat testis chromatin fractions (soluble, S, and insoluble, P) were prepared by mild digestion of nuclei with DNAase I. They appeared to be different in specific biochemical features such as their transcriptional competence and protein patterns, the latter indicating according to results previously obtained, that the testis-specific H1t is preferentially(More)
Polynucleosomes prepared from bull testis nuclei were characterized: DNA length, by agarose gel electrophoresis, and distribution of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase activity, by incubation with 0.64mM NAD were determined. Maximal activity was found in nucleosome fractions of 3-5 units. Chromatin fragments (5-2 kbp polynucleosomes) were analysed by circular(More)
An ADP-ribosylating system was detected in a crude homogenate from Sulfolobus solfataricus, a thermophilic archaeon, optimally growing at 87 degrees C. The archaeal ADP-ribosylation reaction was time-, temperature- and NAD-dependent. It proved to be highly thermostable, with about 30% decrease of 14C incorporation from [14C]NAD on incubation at 80 degrees C(More)
In the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, protein ADPribosylation by free ADPribose was demonstrated by testing both [adenine-14C(U)]ADPR and [adenine-14C(U)]NAD as substrates. The occurrence of this process was shown by using specific experimental conditions. Increasing the incubation time and lowering the pH of the reaction mixture enhanced the protein(More)
  • 1