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Two experiments investigated differences between active and passive participation in a computer-generated virtual environment in terms of spatial memory, object memory, and object location memory. It was found that active participants, who controlled their movements in the virtual environment using a joystick, recalled the spatial layout of the virtual… (More)
Given the high incidence of brain injury in the population, brain damage rehabilitation is still a relatively undeveloped field. Virtual reality (VR) has the potential to assist current rehabilitation techniques in addressing the impairments, disabilities, and handicaps associated with brain damage. The main focus of much of the exploratory research… (More)
Virtual environments (VEs) are extensively used in training but there have been few rigorous scientific investigations of whether and how skills learned in a VE are transferred to the real world. This research aimed to measure and evaluate what is transferring from training a simple sensorimotor task in a VE to real world performance. In experiment 1, real… (More)
The need for improved neurological rehabilitation strategies is self-evident. Recent developments in the computer technology of virtual reality hold the promise of exciting progress in this area. In this paper four areas of potential application of virtual reality to neurological rehabilitation are reviewed.
Previous investigations of the potential value of postoperative environmental enrichment in enhancing functional recovery in brain-lesioned rats have yielded contradictory results. The present study sought to resolve some of the contradictions by drawing a clear distinction between the contribution of environmental enrichment to the processes of… (More)
There is considerable potential for using virtual reality (VR) in memory rehabilitation which is only just beginning to be realized. PC-based virtual environments are probably better suited for this purpose than more immersive virtual environments because they are relatively inexpensive and portable, and less frightening to patients. Those exploratory… (More)
The potential use of virtual reality (VR) in neurological rehabilitation has frequently been discussed. This paper relates current thinking on the subject to the clinically defined concepts of impairment, disability and handicap. It is concluded that VR has a contribution to make to reducing all three, as well as in the initial assessment of the… (More)