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The efficacy and safety of rufloxacin (400 mg, single dose) were compared to those of norfloxacin (400 mg twice a day for 3 days) for the treatment of women with uncomplicated cystitis. In addition, urine levels, drug level/MIC ratio, and urine antibacterial activity 72 to 84 h after treatment initiation were determined in a subgroup of patients for(More)
A new commercial agar (Uricult-Trio) with 8-hydroxyquinoline-beta-glucuronide was used to assess 2,536 uropathogens for beta-glucuronidase activity typical of Escherichia coli. Included in the study were 1,807 strains of the family Enterobacteriaceae, 284 strains of nonfermentative bacilli, 345 strains of gram-positive cocci, and 100 yeast strains. In(More)
Three types of antibiotic prophylactic regimens were evaluated versus a control without prophylaxis (group A: 3,912 cases) in urologic surgery. The antibiotic regimens were: group B = cefazolin 1 g/12 h/3 days (3,660 cases); group C = cefonicid 1 g/24 h/3 days (2,076 cases), and group D = cefonicid 1 g single dose (3,169 cases). The parameters used were the(More)
A study was made of the elimination of fosfomycin by the membrane of the artificial kidney in 10 patients with hemodialysis and a creatinine clearance of less than 5 ml/min. To do so we determined the half-life, the dialysance, the percentage of total loss and the percentage of loss by the artificial kidney. We reached the conclusion that fosfomycin is(More)
Fimbriation, hemagglutination and adherence properties were studied in two strains of S. marcescens (ATCC 43820 and 43821) isolated from the urine of two hospitalized patients in two different hospitals. Studies were performed using electron microscopy (EM), fimbrial purification, recombinant DNA and hemagglutination techniques, hydrophobicity and tests of(More)
In order to determine the pathogenic responsibility of Escherichia coli adhesins (ADHs) in urinary infections (UI), 2,000 different patients suffering different clinical urinary and male sexual gland infections were monitored. The ADHs were determined by agglutination techniques with human and guinea-pig red blood cells, Candida albicans and Saccharomyces(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether Escherichia coli strains isolated from patients with uncomplicated acute pyelonephritis can be distinguished from those isolated from patients with complicated acute pyelonephritis on the basis of the genetic background. METHODS In total, 103 E. coli strains isolated from patients with acute pyelonephritis (59 uncomplicated(More)