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Two experiments investigated differences between active and passive participation in a computer-generated virtual environment in terms of spatial memory, object memory, and object location memory. It was found that active participants, who controlled their movements in the virtual environment using a joystick, recalled the spatial layout of the virtual(More)
Previous investigations of the potential value of postoperative environmental enrichment in enhancing functional recovery in brain-lesioned rats have yielded contradictory results. The present study sought to resolve some of the contradictions by drawing a clear distinction between the contribution of environmental enrichment to the processes of(More)
There is considerable potential for using virtual reality (VR) in memory rehabilitation which is only just beginning to be realized. PC-based virtual environments are probably better suited for this purpose than more immersive virtual environments because they are relatively inexpensive and portable, and less frightening to patients. Those exploratory(More)
Virtual environments (VEs) are extensively used in training but there have been few rigorous scientific investigations of whether and how skills learned in a VE are transferred to the real world. This research aimed to measure and evaluate what is transferring from training a simple sensorimotor task in a VE to real world performance. In experiment 1, real(More)
There is a dearth of empirical evidence about prospective memory (remembering to perform actions in the future) in stroke patients. A probable reason for this is that it is difficult to perform a realistic and controlled assessment of prospective memory ability in a rehabilitation setting. Virtual reality may provide a solution to this difficulty by(More)
For many years the notion that brain damage causes less impairment in children than in adults (sometimes known as the 'Kennard Principle') has enjoyed widespread support among scientists and clinicians. More recently neuroscientists have questioned the Principle, most now taking an opposing view that damage to the rapidly developing brain can be more(More)
A frequent consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant reduction in patients' cerebral activation/arousal, which clinicians agree is not conducive to optimal rehabilitation outcomes. In the context of paediatric rehabilitation, sustained periods of inactivity are particularly undesirable, as contemporary research has increasingly called(More)
Postoperative environmental enrichment (EC) in rats with brain lesions has been hailed as a potential agent of recovery of function following brain damage. However, most such claims are based on examining the effects of EC on acquisition of a new task following brain injury. Elsewhere we have argued that since this paradigm fails to establish a preoperative(More)
The potential of virtual environments in assessment and training of cognitive function is a more than adequate reason for their application to neurorehabilitation. However, there is a more fundamental justification, and one which is firmly rooted in the neuroscience literature. Over the last half century there has been a wealth of published evidence that(More)