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Factor analysis of the Dental Fear Survey disclosed three stable and reliable factors. The first factor related to patterns of dental avoidance and anticipatory anxiety. The second factor related to fear associated with specific dental stimuli and procedures. Factor three concerned felt physiologic arousal during dental treatment. Cross validation showed(More)
In order to quantify relationships between anxiety sensitivity and situational antecedents to heavy alcohol consumption, 245 university student drinkers completed the anxiety sensitivity index-revised (ASI-R) and the inventory of drinking situations (IDS-42). The observed correlations indicated that anxiety sensitivity is related to negatively reinforced(More)
Interest in the empirical demonstration of the clinical efficacy of psychosocial treatments has been rekindled by societal concerns over accountability and cost-effectiveness in the delivery of mental health services. Behavior therapy has had a long history of experimental research on treatment efficacy and enjoys a visible presence in contemporary mental(More)
A survey of 10,000 members of the American Dental Association was conducted in order to identify the most commonly used treatments for myofascial pain dysfunction (MPD). A questionnaire was used in which MPD was defined, all treatments (including referral) were listed, and a percentage-of-use estimate for each treatment was requested. Results from 2,544(More)
Fear sometimes returns after successful fear attenuation via in vivo exposure to fear signals. Post-treatment return of fear is of considerable interest both practically and theoretically, but factors associated with return of fear are poorly understood due to conflicting results from procedurally diverse experiments. This paper reports two very similar(More)
Fear sometimes returns after attenuation via exposure. Return of fear is poorly understood due to conflicting results from diverse experiments. This article reports on two experiments in which claustrophobic fear during mock diagnostic imaging was attenuated and allowed to return so the experiments could be evaluated and return of fear studied. Attentional(More)
A survey of all active U.S. members of the American Equilibration Society was undertaken in order to identify the most commonly used treatments for myofascial pain dysfunction. A questionnaire was constructed such that myofascial pain dysfunction was defined, all treatments (including referral) were listed, and a percentage-of-use estimate for each(More)
Two hundred randomly selected student participants (139 females, 61 males) responded initially to questionnaires that quantified variables such as state and trait anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, claustrophobia, and panic/agoraphobia. Later they were informed that a mock magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure was upcoming, and were prompted to provide(More)
An accurate description of the population prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) would be of value to scientists, health-policy makers, and clinicians but, to date, various unreplicated epidemiologic methodologies have produced disparate prevalence figures. We report on a telephone survey that sought to describe the prevalence of six TMD-related(More)
Ninety-six students responded to a dental fear questionnaire. Several weeks later they responded to a structured Dental Fear Interview and repeated the questionnaire. Fifteen additional students also responded to the interview and questionnaire. Each of two raters derived fear intensity- and adaptive-impairment scores from each set of interview notes.(More)