F. D. Beusenberg

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The aims of the study were twofold: (1) to evaluate the effect of food on the relative oral bioavailability of topotecan gelatin capsules in patients with solid tumours, and (2) to determine the absolute bioavailability of oral topotecan with reference to the intravenous (i.v.) formulation. The study had a randomized two-period cross-over design. On day 1(More)
Three different groups of chemical intermediates are known to be formed during the synthesis of melanin in melanocytes: phenolic compounds, phenolic thio-conjugates, and indolic compounds. All these substances and their metabolites can be detected in urine. We measured the urinary excretion of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa), 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5-S-CD),(More)
The mechanisms of inflammation in asthma are still far from certain but it is likely that many types of inflammatory cells and inflammatory mediators are involved in a complex interaction. In this complexity there is a major role for the alveolar macrophage. Most features of this cell are specific for inflammatory processes and are regulated by changes in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility of administering topotecan in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin without and with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) support as first-line chemotherapy in women with incompletely resected stage III and stage IV ovarian carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Starting doses were paclitaxel 110 mg/m2(More)
A study is presented which investigated whether oral immunization with a polyvalent bacterial lysate (Paspat oral) can sufficiently enhance cell-mediated defense mechanisms to protect mice against influenza A virus infection. It was found that oral immunization reduced mortality due to influenza A infection with 15-70%, depending on the quantity of virus(More)
The effect of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor isobutyl-methylxanthine (IBMX), salbutamol and sodium nitroprusside was evaluated regarding PGE2 and LTB4 release and cAMP and cGMP level in human alveolar macrophages obtained from controls and COPD patients. Basal levels per five million control- respectively COPD alveolar macrophages: cAMP 1.2 and 1.0 pmole;(More)
The inflammatory mediators PGE2, DC-PGI2 and histamine as well as the beta-adrenergic drugs isoprenaline and salbutamol increase intracellular cyclic AMP-concentrations whereas Platelet Activating Factor does not induce any change in adenyl cyclase activity of normal human alveolar macrophages. Functional H2-histaminergic and beta 2-adrenergic(More)
We have investigated the effects of inflammatory mediators and beta-adrenoceptor agonists on the adenylyl cyclase responsiveness in alveolar macrophages from control subjects, patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthmatics. Basal cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels in alveolar macrophages from COPD patients were significantly(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) induces a dose-dependent biphasic response in adenylyl cyclase activity in antigen-challenged alveolar macrophages (AM), but not in naive AM. Intracellular cyclic AMP levels are enhanced by very low concentrations of PAF (10(-13)-10(-10) M) and decreased by higher PAF concentrations (10(-8)-10(-5) M). The PAF response of(More)
Adenylate cyclase activity was determined in alveolar macrophages (AMs) obtained from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids of naive and antigen-challenged guinea pigs. After the anaphylactic reaction in ovalbumin-sensitized guinea pigs, the basal levels of cyclic AMP in AMs were significantly increased compared to the levels in naive AMS (1.87 +/- 0.22(More)