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The vein locus (vn) includes lethal alleles (designated also defective dorsal discs) that prevent growth of dorsal discs and in viable genetic combinations reduce the number of cells of the adult wing. Those effects are prominent in genetic mosaics. Cell proliferation is reduced in all regions of the wing blade in a local autonomous way. These effects are(More)
There are controversial theoretical models about a possible involvement of DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) in the molecular mechanism of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs). In order to clarify the role of this enzyme, if any, in such recombinational event, CHO parental AA8 and mutant EM9 cells, which shows and extremely high baseline frequency of SCE, have(More)
The cardiac glycosides digitoxin (1) and digoxin (3) have been used in cardiac diseases for many years. During this time several reports have suggested the possible use of digitalis in medical oncology. Several analogues of digitoxin (1) were evaluated for growth inhibition activity in three human cancer cell lines; this study showed that digitoxin (1) was(More)
Cell death was induced by electroporation in HL60 cells, a human promyeloid leukaemia strain, in order to determine by both morphological and biochemical criteria whether necrotic or apoptotic processes occurred. Cells sampled at several times after electroporation were analyzed for the assessment of the following end-points: (i) chromosomal DNA(More)
Since topoisomerase poisons allow the enzyme to cut and covalently bind to DNA but abort the subsequent rejoining of the molecule after relieving the torsional stress. To study their action we have made use of a supercoiled form of the pRYG plasmid that bears a specific topoisomerase recognition and binding region. The conversion of the supercoiled circular(More)
DNA topoisomerases are highly specialized nuclear enzymes that perform topological changes in the DNA molecule in a very precise and unique fashion. Taking into account their fundamental roles in many events during DNA metabolism such as replication, transcription, recombination, condensation or segregation, it is no wonder that the last decade has(More)
Luteolin and quercetin are widely distributed plant flavonoids that possess a variety of chemical and biological activities, including free-radical scavenging and antioxidant activity. Recently, both flavonoids have been reported to inhibit DNA topoisomerases I and II (topo I and topo II), a property that, together with their ability to induce DNA and(More)
5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-azadC) is a DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor increasingly used in treatments of hematological diseases and works by being incorporated into DNA and trapping DNMT. It is unclear what DNA lesions are caused by 5-azadC and if such are substrates for DNA repair. Here, we identify that 5-azadC induces DNA damage as measured by(More)
An uncommonly high yield of spontaneous endoreduplication is a feature of the CHO mutant EM9, besides its defective repair of single, as well as double-DNA strand-breaks and its extraordinarily elevated yield of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) after bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation into DNA. Since the nuclear enzyme topoisomerase II (topo II) has(More)
Recent research has shown the anticancer effects of digitalis compounds suggesting their possible use in medical oncology. Four extracts obtained from the leaves of Digitalis purpurea subsp. heywoodii have been assessed for cytotoxic activity against three human cancer cell lines, using the SRB assay. All of them showed high cytotoxicity, producing IC50(More)