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OBJECTIVES The McGurk-MacDonald illusory percept is obtained by dubbing an incongruent articulatory movement on an auditory phoneme. This type of audiovisual speech perception contributes to the assessment of theories of speech perception. The mismatch negativity (MMN) reflects the detection of a deviant stimulus within the auditory short-term memory and(More)
(1) Chemical destruction of the inferior olive (ION), or midline section interrupting the climbing fibers (CFs) rapidly resulted in marked modifications of Purkinje cell (P. cell) simple spike (SS) firing rate and pattern. (2) After CF deafferentation, P. cells at first about doubled their SS frequency which further increased for the next 10 min. (3)(More)
The D-isomer of aspartic acid (D-Asp) has been found in rat testes. In the present study, samples of testicular venous blood plasma, rete testis fluid, interstitial extracellular fluid, luminal fluid from the seminiferous tubules, testicular parenchymal cells, epididymal spermatozoa and peripheral blood plasma were collected and analyzed for D-Asp by two(More)
For centuries, entire male pigs have been castrated to reduce the risk of boar taint. However, physical castration of pig is increasingly being questioned with regard to animal welfare considerations. Immunization against gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) provides an alternative to physical castration. Using the currently available commercial product(More)
INTRODUCTION News organizations and governmental agencies have reported substantial increases in the number of opioid-related overdose cases in recent years. OBJECTIVE To describe the utilization of emergency medical services (EMS) for suspected opioid-related overdose cases in a rural state during the period 1997 through 2002. METHODS Statewide EMS(More)
Short- and long-term ultrastructural changes induced in rat inferior olivary nucleus (ION) and cerebellum by a single injection of 3-acetylpyridine (3-AP) were investigated. Evidence of perikaryal and dendritic alterations was already present in numerous ION neurons at 3 h after injection. All ION neurons were affected at 6 h. Complete destruction of the(More)
Cortical somatosensory evoked potentials were used to measure secondary hyperaesthesia resulting from subcutaneous 1 and 5% formalin in unanesthetized rats with permanently implanted electrodes. Near field responses were evoked by contralateral non-noxious electrical stimulation of the middle third of the tail. 0.05 ml 5% formalin injected subcutaneously at(More)
Arylsulfatase A (ASA)-deficient (-/-) mice and ASA(+/+) controls were constructed as a transgenic model for the lysosomal storage disease, metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD). One-year-old ASA(-/-) mice showed impaired rotarod performance and altered walking pattern characterized by a shorter pace, later evolving into more severe ataxia with tremor in(More)