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Hypohidrotic and anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED/EDA) is a rare genodermatosis characterized by abnormal development of sweat glands, teeth, and hair. Three disease-causing genes have been hitherto identified, namely, (1) EDA1 accounting for X-linked forms, (2) EDAR, and (3) EDARADD, causing both autosomal dominant and recessive forms. Recently, WNT10A(More)
The hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasias (HED) belong to a large and heterogeneous nosological group of polymalfomative syndromes characterized by dystrophy or agenesis of ectodermal derivatives. Molecular etiologies of HED consist of mutations of the genes involved in the Ectodysplasin (EDA)-NF-kappaB pathway. Besides the classic ectodermal signs,(More)
BACKGROUND Hypophosphatasia (HP) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by a wide spectrum of defects in mineralized tissues and caused by deficiency in the tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase gene (ALPL). The symptoms are highly variable in their clinical expression, and relate to numerous mutations in this gene. The first clinical sign of the(More)
This paper reviews the concept of morphogenetic fields within the dentition that was first proposed by Butler (Butler PM. Studies of the mammalian dentition. Differentiation of the post-canine dentition. Proc Zool Soc Lond B 1939;109:1-36), then adapted for the human dentition by Dahlberg (Dahlberg AA. The changing dentition of man. J Am Dent Assoc(More)
BACKGROUND Orodental diseases include several clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders that can present in isolation or as part of a genetic syndrome. Due to the vast number of genes implicated in these disorders, establishing a molecular diagnosis can be challenging. We aimed to develop a targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) assay to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Calcium homeostasis requires regulated cellular and interstitial systems interacting to modulate the activity and movement of this ion. Disruption of these systems in the kidney results in nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis, important medical problems whose pathogenesis is incompletely understood. METHODS We investigated 25 patients from(More)
Mutations of the Eda gene, which encodes for ectodysplasin-A1, result in X-linked hypohydrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED). This pathology may lead to severe oligodontia, subsequently requiring implant therapy. Since Eda is suspected to participate in bone development, the jaw bone status was investigated in XLHED patients in order to adjust the surgical(More)
PURPOSE To report the dento-craniofacial phenotype of a family affected by a WNT10A HED and to describe the implant-based oral rehabilitation of a patient presenting a severe oligodontia linked to this mutation. A molecular hypothesis concerning the involvement of Wnt-β-catenin pathway in implant osteointegration will be proposed. MATERIAL AND METHODS(More)
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is characterized by abnormal development of ectodermal structures and its molecular etiology corresponds to mutations of EDA-EDAR genes. The aim of this study was first to investigate the genotype and dental phenotype associated with HED and second, to explore possible correlations between dental features and(More)