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SunTIP7 and SunTIP20 are closely related sunflower cDNAs showing a deduced amino acid sequence homologous to proteins of the tonoplast intrinsic protein (TIP) family. Their expression in Xenopus oocytes caused a marked increase in osmotic water permeability (demonstrating that they are water channels) which was sensitive to mercury. In leaves, in situ… (More)
We have studied two lines of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) selected in the field as drought-tolerant (R1 genotype) or drought-sensitive (S1 genotype). When subjected to drought conditions, the R1 line was able to maintain high leaf water potential longer and wilted later than the S1 line. Therefore, this indicates that R1 tolerance includes a… (More)
Large plasmids of molecular weight varying from 90 to around 200 x 10(6) have earlier been detected in most Rhizobium meliloti strains using an alkaline denaturation - phenol extraction procedure. With a less destructive method (Eckardt 1978) it was possible additionally to detect one plasmid of molecular weight clearly greater than 300 x 10(6) (=… (More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the genomic RNA of the potyvirus potato virus Y strain N (PVYn) was obtained from cloned cDNAs. This sequence is 9704 nucleotides long and can encode a polyprotein of 3063 amino acids. The positions of the cleavage sites at the N terminus of the capsid and cytoplasmic inclusion proteins have been determined. Other… (More)
Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain A4 is a virulent agropine-type strain possessing three plasmids: plasmid a (pArA4a, 180 kb) is not necessary for plant transformation, plasmid b (250 kb) is the root-inducing plasmid (pRiA4), and plasmid c (pArA4c) is a cointegrate of pArA4a and pRiA4. The total plasmid DNA (pArA4) of strain A4 was cloned in the cosmid… (More)
Agrobacterium rhizogenes is a natural vector for genetically transforming higher plants. A protocol is given for using this system to insert foreign genes into host plants. Improvements currently being developed in several laboratories are also discussed.
Using analytical and preparative methods, we demonstrated the presence of megaplasmids with molecular weight larger than 450 x 10(6) in the two plant-associated bacteria Rhizobium meliloti and Pseudomonas solanacearum. Such giant plasmids were found in 8 of 9 P. solanacearum strains tested and in all of the 18 R. meliloti strains tested.
The response of Raphanus sativus to salinity has been investigated. Salt-responsive proteins were detected by comparative 2D-PAGE analysis. Three polypeptides of 22, 28 and 28.5 kDa were isolated and subjected to microsequencing. The P22 possesses homology with members of the Kunitz family of trypsin inhibitor; the P28.5 is homologous to ascorbate… (More)
Southern-type hybridizations were carried out in order to identify sequence homologies with the pTi vir loci, on an agropine-type plasmid (pRiHRI) and a mannopine-type plasmid (pRi8196) of Agrobacterium rhizogenes. The localization of the sequences hybridizing with subcloned fragments containing vir A, B, G, C, and D from pTiAch5 indicated a similar linear… (More)
A poorly aphid-transmissible potato virus Y (PVY-PAT) variant emerged after several cycles of mechanical transmission of an initially aphid-transmissible (AT) isolate. Sequence analysis of the N-terminal region of the helper component-proteinase (HC-Pro) gene revealed a Lys to Glu change at a position previously found to abolish the HC-Pro aphid… (More)