F. Carrera

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BACKGROUND Several studies with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents claim that maintenance therapy of renal anaemia may be possible at extended dosing intervals; however, few studies were randomized, results varied, and comparisons between agents were absent. We report results of a multi-national, randomized, prospective trial comparing haemoglobin(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal iron therapy regimen in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. METHODS Ferinject® assessment in patients with Iron deficiency anaemia and Non-Dialysis-dependent Chronic Kidney Disease (FIND-CKD) was a 56-week, open-label, multicentre, prospective and randomized study of 626 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Rigorous data are sparse concerning the optimal route of administration and dosing strategy for iron therapy with or without concomitant erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) therapy for the management of iron deficiency anaemia in patients with non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD). METHODS FIND-CKD was a 56-week, open-label,(More)
The introduction of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) into everyday clinical practice has greatly improved the care of patients with chronic kidney disease. ESAs have reduced the need for blood transfusions, improved survival, decreased cardiovascular complications and enhanced patient quality of life. The longer acting ESA, darbepoetin alfa (Aranesp(More)
Background. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) such as epoetin alfa and beta, and darbepoetin alfa have improved the management of anaemia secondary to chronic kidney disease. Numerous studies have reported a dose reduction when patients receiving dialysis were converted from epoetin to darbepoetin alfa using the starting dose conversion of 200:1 as(More)
The development of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common complication of chronic kidney disease. SHPT develops as a consequence of mineral metabolism disturbances and is characterized by elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and parathyroid hyperplasia. Evidence suggests that SHPT contributes to the development of vascular calcification and(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical studies demonstrate renal proximal tubular injury after administration of some intravenous iron preparations but clinical data on renal effects of intravenous iron are sparse. METHODS FIND-CKD was a 56-week, randomized, open-label, multicenter study in which patients with non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD),(More)
Hepcidin is the key regulator of iron homeostasis but data are limited regarding its temporal response to iron therapy, and response to intravenous versus oral iron. In the 56-week, open-label, multicenter, prospective, randomized FIND-CKD study, 626 anemic patients with non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) and iron deficiency not(More)
The global rise in chronic kidney disease makes secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) a growing medical concern. Conventional therapies for treating SHPT are limited and include calcium-based and calcium-free phosphate binders for reducing serum phosphorus and vitamin D or its analogues for simultaneous stimulation of calcium absorption and suppression of(More)