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The concentration of glutamate as well as the hydroxylation of salicylate, as an index of hydroxyl free radical formation, has been determined in the abdominal aorta and heart of gerbils undergoing an ischemia/reperfusion insult (IRI) and compared to control sham-operated gerbils. The amount of glutamate and hydroxylated salicylate (dihydroxybenzoic acid,(More)
The effect of Daflon 500 mg1, purified, micronized flavonoid fraction (90% diosmin, 10% hesperidin) was studied on stroke index, levels of free radicals and electroretinography in the gerbil after ischemia-reperfusion injury. The drug was administered orally at doses of 200, 100 and 50 mg/kg, for 6 days before left carotid occlusion. Daflon 500 mg(More)
This study examined brain-stem auditory evoked potentials response (BAEP) changes in the gerbil after temporary occlusion of the left carotid artery. Fourteen adult gerbils were subjected to unilateral left carotid ligation for 30 min. BAEPs were registered before and 5 min after occlusion, then 5 min, 60 min, 120 min, 24 h, 7 days and 28 days after release(More)
In the passive upright position, arterial and venous pressures in the human feet increase capillary pressure which leads to the filtration of fluid from the circulating plasma into the tissues of the feet. Loss of fluid concentrates both red cells and plasma so that the haematrocrit and plasma protein concentration of venous blood leaving the feet greatly(More)
The retina contains a high amount of taurine which suggests a role in retinal function. The mongolian gerbil is well studied in stroke because of its incomplete circle of Willis. Two groups of gerbils were used: one served as control and the other was subjected to unilateral left carotid occlusion during 30 minutes, followed by 60 minutes of reperfusion.(More)
In gerbil brain, levels of hydroxyl radicals (OH.) and neurotransmitters such as glutamate, aspartate, GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid) are low at birth, reach a plateau and decrease with age. On the other hand, when gerbils are exposed to an ischemia reperfusion insult (IRI) the older animals have a higher stroke index and hydroxyl radical as well as(More)
The excitatory amino acids (EAA) are involved in the pathogenesis of the cerebral ischemia. Moreover, several investigators have demonstrated that a considerable amount of dopamine (DA) is released in the striatum after ischemia reperfusion/insult (IRI). Recently, studies have demonstrated in vitro, that D-2 agonist, at the level of striatum and retina, may(More)
Cerebral ischemia, which is characterized by depletion of oxygen and glucose, as well as of amino acids, might produce changes in concentration and/or turnover of monoamines and indoleamines in the brain. Moreover, the effect of ischemia on overall protein synthesis in brain has been well documented in various animal models. To study this phenomenon, 3(More)
In the passive upright position, arterial and venous pressure in human feet increases capillary pressure, which leads to the filtration of fluid from the circulating plasma into the tissues of the feet. Loss of fluid concentrates both red cells and plasma so that the hematocrit and plasma protein concentration of venous blood leaving the feet greatly exceed(More)