F. C. de Waal

Learn More
DNA/cell distributions were recorded by automated cytofluorometry (=pulse cytophotometry) in bone-marrow aspirates of leukaemia and lymphosarcoma patients subjected to chemotherapy. In most cases, early perturbations in DNA/cell histographs were observed, characteristically reflecting the known mode of action of the drugs. These changes in general preceded(More)
In vitro drug sensitivity of leukaemic cells might be influenced by the contamination of such a sample with non-malignant cells and the sample source. To study this, sensitivity of normal peripheral blood (PB) lymphocytes to a number of cytostatic drugs was assessed with the MTT assay. We compared this sensitivity with the drug sensitivity of leukaemic(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are being used in the treatment of childhood leukemia for several decades, most successfully in newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, GC resistance is seen in 10-30% of untreated ALL patients, and is much more frequent in relapsed ALL and in acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL). Sensitivity or resistance to GC(More)
DUP 785 (NSC 368390; Brequinar sodium) is a new inhibitor of pyrimidine de novo biosynthesis with antitumor activity against several experimental tumors. DUP 785 inhibits the mitochondrial enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, blocking the conversion of dihydroorotate to orotate. We examined the influence of exposure time to DUP 785 on its growth-inhibitory(More)
The better prognosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) than of acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) in children, and the often observed better prognosis of myeloid-antigen (MyAg) negative ALL than of MyAg-positive ALL, may be related to differences in cellular drug resistance. We therefore compared the resistance to 12 drugs of 125 ALL and 28 ANLL(More)
Bone marrow samples from 8 children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were investigated at cessation of cytostatic treatment and during 18 months thereafter. The course of the percentage of lymphoid cells and characterization of these cells by means of monoclonal antibodies, peanut agglutinin (PNA) binding and S-phase determination are shown.(More)
UNLABELLED Gonadal function was evaluated in 23 men (aged 14.8-28.8 years) treated in childhood with cytotoxic drugs for a solid tumour. Group 1 (N = 14) had been treated with non-alkylating drugs only, while group 2 (N = 9) received the alkylating drug cyclophosphamide in addition (range 3.8-19.5 g/m2). Median age at the start of treatment was 4.6 years(More)
Mitoxantrone (MIT) has not been studied as a single agent in children with untreated leukemia. The antileukemic activity of MIT in these patients and its activity in relation to clinical and cell biological features is unknown. We studied the in vitro cytotoxicity of MIT, daunorubicin (DNR) and doxorubicin (DOX) in untreated childhood acute lymphoblastic(More)
Cytosine-arabinoside (ARA-C) in low doses induces complete remissions in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute leukemia. Evidence is accumulating that these remissions are not reached by differentiation induction but through cytotoxicity. In HL60 cells differentiation was measured by a comprehensive panel of quantitative and qualitative markers of maturation.(More)