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The hormone progesterone is readily converted to 3alpha-OH-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (3alpha,5alpha-THP) in the brains of males and females. In the brain, 3alpha,5alpha-THP acts like a sedative, decreasing anxiety and reducing seizure activity, by enhancing the function of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), the brain's major inhibitory neurotransmitter. Symptoms(More)
In the present study, we have characterized properties of steroid withdrawal using a pseudopregnant rat model. This paradigm results in increased production of endogenous progesterone from ovarian sources and as such is a useful physiological model. "Withdrawal" from progesterone induced by ovariectomy on day 12 of pseudopregnancy resulted in increased(More)
Long-term GABA(A) receptor alterations occur in hippocampal dentate granule neurons of rats that develop epilepsy after status epilepticus in adulthood. Hippocampal GABA(A) receptor expression undergoes marked reorganization during the postnatal period, however, and the effects of neonatal status epilepticus on subsequent GABA(A) receptor development are(More)
In this study, we characterized the local effects of ethanol (EtOH) on postsynaptic potentials (PSPs) and membrane properties of layer II-III (L2-3) and layer V (L5) somatosensory cortical neurons. Intracellular recordings were done using the in vitro slice preparation of rat somatosensory cortex. Our results show that EtOH exerts local effects on cortical(More)
17 beta-oestradiol (E2) is known to exert activating effects on CNS excitability, which are in part mediated by increases in glutamate responses, as we have shown in cerebellum. In addition, this steroid is known to facilitate rapid, rhythmic limb movement. Because the inferior olive is believed to be a timer of rapid movement, we have investigated effects(More)
Activation of AMPA receptors assembled with the GluA1 subunit can promote dendrite growth in a manner that depends on its direct binding partner, SAP97. SAP97 is a modular scaffolding protein that has at least seven recognizable protein-protein interaction domains. Several complementary approaches were employed to show that the dendrite branching promoting(More)
The vulnerability of brain neuronal cell subpopulations to neurologic insults varies greatly. Among cells that survive a pathological insult, for example ischemia or brain trauma, some may undergo morphological and/or biochemical changes that may compromise brain function. The present study is a follow-up of our previous studies that investigated the effect(More)
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