F Brami-Zylberberg

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Cerebellar ataxia is known to occasionally occur in the course of mitochondrial disorders. We report on MR spectroscopy (1H MRS) evidence of elevated brain lactate in the cerebellar area of 11 patients with cerebellar ataxia ascribed to mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency (RCD). 1H MRS spectroscopy evidence of lactate peak was found in the cerebellum(More)
MRI has dramatically improved the management of cerebral tumors and consequently oligodendrogliomas. T1 and T2-weighted images and gadolinium enhancement are very useful for tumor detection and characterization. Tumor enhancement is of a great prognostic value because it is highly predictive of high-grade oligodendroglioma. Three-dimensional MR images(More)
Several diseases may cause non-specific MR signal abnormalities of the bilateral basal ganglia and thalami. As such, diagnosis of the underlying etiology may be difficult to achieve at imaging. In this review, we will present interpretative guidelines based on clinical data (mode of presentation, previous history, clinical symptoms, and evolution) and(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the value of duplex color-coded ultrasonography in the initial diagnosis of acute cervical artery dissection. MATERIAL AND METHOD Retrospective study of 31 patients, mean age 45, sex ratio=1, referred for clinical suspicion of cervical artery dissection, confirmed by MRI. 46 dissected arteries were imaged. Ten patients presented(More)
The advent of new MR techniques such as perfusion and diffusion weighted imaging has revolutionized diagnostic imaging in stroke. In some institutions, MRI is used as the sole screening imaging technique for acute stroke patients. In this document, the authors will review the MR pattern of acute ischemic arterial stroke, highlight the usefulness of MRI for(More)
IN ARTERIAL ISCHEMIC PATHOLOGY: Magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly proposed for any suspicion of cerebral vascular accident. Because of its diffusion sequences, it permits the rapid diagnosis and screening of ischemic lesions and provides prognostic information. FOR OTHER CEREBRAL VASCULAR DISORDERS: Intra-parenchymatous and sub-arachnoid(More)
THE MRI DIAGNOSTIC SUPPORT: Magnetic resonance imaging is an efficient technique for revealing an intercranial tumor, and specifying its topography and loco-regional impact. A macroscopical approach is possible with MRI, since it distinguishes the components: tumoral tissue, cyst, necrosis and hemorrhage. DEPENDING ON THE TUMOR: Assessment of the tumoral(More)
Intracranial metastases account for up to 35% of intracranial tumors in adult. They can involve any part of the central nervous system: brain, meninges and cranial nerves. Any systemic tumor can metastasize to the brain; the most common primaries include lung, breast and melanoma. Imaging plays a major role in the evaluation and management of patients with(More)
CRANIO-ENCEPHALIC TRAUMAS: Scanography remains the examination of choice. However, MRI can be useful in diagnosis of diffuse axional lesions, not clearly visualized with scanography, and for screening the subsequent lesions. INFECTIOUS OR INFLAMMATORY LESIONS: Some are very evocative with MRI: cerebral abscesses, notably herpetic encephalitis and(More)