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The telencephalic projections of the A8 dopamine cell group of the rat were assessed using both anterograde and combined retrograde-immunohistochemical methods. The projections of the A8 neurons onto the forebrain were more extensive than hitherto realized, and encompassed striatal, limbic, and allocortical regions. The A8 neurons were shown to contribute(More)
The participation of gonadal steroid hormones in the regulation of the expression of the somatostatin gene in the hypothalamus and cerebral cortex was studied by using a quantitative densitometric hybridization assay which allows the direct measurement of specific somatostatin mRNA levels. The levels of somatostatin mRNA in hypothalamus were found to be(More)
The purpose of this study was to gain further insight into the mechanism of action of the anticonvulsant sodium valproate. The effects of valproate on spontaneous neuronal activity and its interaction with locally applied gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were assessed in the rat cerebral cortex. Extracellular neuronal potentials were recorded using standard(More)
The discrete anatomical distribution of arginine vasopressin and corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) immunoreactivity in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the rat hypothalamus is altered after adrenalectomy. Not only is the immunostaining of both peptides enhanced, but vasopressin immunoreactivity, normally confined to the magnocellular subdivision,(More)
Immunocytochemical studies have shown that adrenalectomy produces changes in the content and distribution of [arginine-8]vasopressin (AVP) immunoreactivity in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. The purpose of this study was to determine whether manipulation of adrenal hormones affects the levels of AVP mRNA. In situ hybridization assays with(More)
Previous studies have shown that adrenalectomy augments arginine vasopressin (AVP) messenger RNA levels in the adult paraventricular nucleus. It is now demonstrated that unilateral lesions in the lateral septal nucleus enhance the adrenalectomy-induced expression of AVP mRNA. This effect was entirely ipsilateral to the lesion and most prominent in the(More)
The distribution of neuronal perikarya containing somatostatin mRNA in the developing rat brain was investigated with in situ hybridization histochemistry. This study describes the expression of somatostatin mRNA during selected perinatal stages and demonstrates regional changes in somatostatin mRNA expression at the single cell level. The mRNA expression(More)
We examined the electrophysiological and morphological properties of neocortical neurons maintained in explant cultures prepared from the parietal cortex of newborn Sprague-Dawley rats. After 3-6 weeks in vitro, cultures showed regional differences in cellular density reminiscent of cortical layering, and an abundance of axonal processes. Pyramidal-shaped(More)
Intracellular recordings revealed that in neocortical explant cultures prepared on the day of birth and examined 3-6 weeks later, neurons mature and establish complex synaptic relationships that lead to spontaneous and triggered synchronous discharge. The spontaneous synchronous activity took several forms, including periodic generation of epileptiform(More)