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In C. reinhardtii, the mature psaA mRNA is assembled by a process involving trans-splicing of three separate transcripts encoded at three widely scattered loci of the chloroplast genome. At least one additional chloroplast locus (tscA) is required for trans-splicing of exons 1 and 2. We have mapped this gene by transformation of a deletion mutant with a(More)
Cytokeratin 19 is a subunit of cytokeratin intermediate filament expressed in simple epithelia and their malignant counterparts. Therefore, it is expressed by respiratory epithelium cells and has been detected in lung cancer specimens. An immunoradiometric assay was used to detect a fragment of the cytokeratin 19, referred to as CYFRA 21-1, in the serum of(More)
The POLA study (June 1995 through July 1997) is a population-based study on cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and their risk factors in 2584 residents of Séte (South of France), aged 60--95 years. Classification of AMD was performed on 50 degrees fundus photographs, according to an international classification. The presence of(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils but not neutrophils may play a role in the airway inflammation of asthma. In chronic bronchitis (CB) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), neutrophils are present in the airways. To differentiate among the pathology of asthma, CB, and COPD eosinophils and neutrophils were studied in peripheral blood, bronchial biopsy(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AM) appear to be one type of cells of the bronchial inflammation often involved in patients with asthma. These cells were demonstrated to generate highly reactive toxic species of oxygen in many pulmonary disorders; however, this was never demonstrated in asthma. The respiratory burst of bronchoalveolar lavage AM was studied in 12(More)
Specific immunotherapy is ineffective with unstandardized mold extracts. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed in 24 patients (5 to 56 years of age) only allergic to Alternaria. The extract was standardized by isoelectric focusing, crossed immunoelectrophoresis, crossed radioimmunoelectrophoresis, RAST inhibition, and skin tests and(More)
The POLA (Pathologies Oculaires Liées à L'Age) Study is a population-based study of cataract and age-related macular degeneration and their risk factors being carried out among 2,584 residents of Sète, southern France, aged 60-95 years. Recruitment took place between June 1995 and July 1997. Cataract classification was based on a standardized lens(More)
Asthma is a chronic disease in which social life is altered. The importance of restrictions on social life may be greater in severe asthma or when symptoms are not adequately controlled. General scales of quality-of-life (QOL) may be used to detect the importance of social life impairment, but it is not yet known whether the scores of such QOL measures are(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the antioxidant/non-antioxidant effects of a hydroxytyrosol (HT)-rich phenolic extract from olive mill wastewaters administered with a breakfast. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS Five type I diabetic patients received 25 mg of HT the first day and 12.5 mg/day the following 3 days. Blood sampling was carried out at T(0) (baseline) and T(4d)(More)
The climatic conditions of the Mediterranean area result in vegetation and pollen very different from that of the other parts of Europe. The pollen content of the atmosphere of Montpellier, southern France, was examined using a filter sampler which was shown to be more efficient than most of the current devices for air sampling. Pollen counts were(More)