F. B. König

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Atypical imaging features of multiple sclerosis lesions include size >2 cm, mass effect, oedema and/or ring enhancement. This constellation is often referred to as 'tumefactive multiple sclerosis'. Previous series emphasize their unifocal and clinically isolated nature, however, evolution of these lesions is not well defined. Biopsy may be required for(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze and compare the extent of remyelination in lesions from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have a short (early MS lesions) or a long (chronic MS lesions) disease duration and to determine the influence of anatomic localization on the extent of remyelination. In early MS lesions, remyelination has been described as a relatively(More)
BACKGROUND Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS) are indirect remote effects of cancer on the nervous system, often associated with the presence of specific serum antibodies. The most recently described PNS defining reactivity is anti-Ma/anti-Ta. Here we present 22 newly diagnosed patients with anti-Ma or anti-Ta reactivity, refine the associated(More)
Defining tools in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) representing specific pathological processes is needed to understand the complex relationship between inflammation, myelin breakdown, axonal injury and clinical symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its variants. Here, we describe a case of histologically-defined MS, in which the radiological appearance(More)
Acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN) is a recently described subtype of Guillain-Barré syndrome characterized by acute onset of distal weakness, loss of deep tendon reflexes and sensory symptoms. Electrophysiological studies show mildly reduced nerve conduction velocities combined with a marked reduction of muscle action and sensory nerve(More)
Patients with severe multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses which do not respond sufficiently to corticosteroids can undergo escalating immunotherapy with plasma exchange. We review the course of 14 apheresis cycles in 13 adult patients and three pediatric cases from our center between 2004 and 2005. Nine cases were due to optic neuritis, five had experienced(More)
The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is currently based solely on clinical and magnetic resonance imaging features. However, histopathological studies have revealed four different patterns of lesion pathology in patients diagnosed with MS, suggesting that MS may be a pathologically heterogeneous syndrome rather than a single disease entity. The aim of(More)
JO N 2 88 3 A 33-year-old Caucasian woman first presented with optic and sensory symptoms in September 2004. An optic neuritis in 2003 had not been evaluated neurologically. Family history was positive for MS, oligoclonal bands (OCB) were present in the CSF. Expanded disability status scale (EDSS) was 2.0, with a rapid remission of symptoms after(More)
Remyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS) occurs spontaneously and extensively. The underlying mechanisms, however, are only partly understood. Findings in experimental animal settings suggest that inflammation promotes remyelination and repair. Here, we characterized the chemokine receptor expression profiles of macrophages/microglia in early remyelinating(More)