F. Ann Walker

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L1 is a ubiquitous interspersed repeated sequence in mammals that achieved its high copy number by autonomous retrotransposition. Individual L1 elements within a genome differ in sequence and retrotransposition activity. Retrotransposition requires two L1-encoded proteins, ORF1p and ORF2p. Chimeric elements were used to map a 15-fold difference in(More)
The de novo design of membrane proteins remains difficult despite recent advances in understanding the factors that drive membrane protein folding and association. We have designed a membrane protein PRIME (PoRphyrins In MEmbrane) that positions two non-natural iron diphenylporphyrins (Fe(III)DPP's) sufficiently close to provide a multicentered pathway for(More)
Nitrophorin 2 (NP2), one of the four NO-storing and NO-releasing proteins found in the saliva of the blood-sucking bug Rhodnius prolixus, has a more ruffled heme and a high preference for a particular heme orientation (B) compared with nitrophorin 1 and nitrophorin 4, which show not a preference (A to B ratio of approximately 1:1), suggesting that it fits(More)
  • John Olson, Tom Spiro, Walter Zumft, F Ann Walker, Teizo Kitagawa, W Robert Scheidt +2 others
  • 2016
Description: This is not a book on NO biology, nor about hemoglobin, nor about heme-based sensors per se. Of course, it covers all these topics and more, but above all, it aims at providing a truly multidisciplinary perspective of heme-diatomic interactions. The overarching goal is to build bridges among disciplines, to bring about a meeting of minds. The(More)
The ferriheme resonances of the low-spin (S = 1/2) complexes of wild-type (wt) nitrophorin 2 (NP2) and its heme pocket mutant NP2(V24E) with imidazole (ImH), histamine (Hm), and cyanide (CN(-)) as the sixth ligand have been investigated by NMR spectroscopy as a function of pH (4.0-7.5). For the three wt NP2 complexes, the ratio of the two possible heme(More)
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common and devastating inflammatory condition of the pancreas that is considered to be a paradigm of sterile inflammation leading to systemic multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and death. Acute mortality from AP-MODS exceeds 20% (ref. 3), and the lifespans of those who survive the initial episode are typically shorter(More)
The β-barrel nitrophorin (NP) heme proteins are found in the saliva of the blood-sucking insect Rhodnius prolixus, which synthesizes and stores nitric oxide (NO) in the salivary glands. NO is bound to iron of the NPs and is released by dilution and an increase in pH when the insect spits its saliva into the tissues of a victim, to aid in obtaining a blood(More)
Nitrophorin 4, one of the four NO-carrying heme proteins from the salivary glands of Rhodnius prolixus, forms a homodimer at pH 5.0 with a Kd of ∼8 μM. This dimer begins to dissociate at pH 5.5 and is completely dissociated to monomer at pH 7.3, even at 3.7 mM. The dimer is significantly stabilized by binding NO to the heme and at pH 7.3 would require(More)
The nuclear Overhauser effects (NOEs) observed between heme substituent protons and a small number of nearby protein side chain protons in the water-elimination Fourier transform NOE spectroscopy (WEFT-NOESY) spectra of high- and low-spin wild-type nitrophorin (NP) 2 and its ligand complexes have been analyzed and compared with those observed for the same(More)
1 H NMR resonances of protein residues in close proximity to the heme of the nitrophorins: similarities and differences among the four proteins from the saliva of the adult blood-sucking insect Rhodnius prolixus submitted to Inorg Chem] has shown that the small peak seen at 2.6 ppm of the F1 dimension of the WEFT-NOESY spectrum of NP2(D1A) (top right in(More)
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