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Postural motor learning for dynamic balance tasks has been demonstrated in healthy older adults (Van Ooteghem et al. in Exp Brain Res 199(2):185-193, 2009). The purpose of this study was to investigate the type of knowledge (general or specific) obtained with balance training in this age group and to examine whether embedding perturbation regularities(More)
Our goal was to understand the bases for selection of alternate foot placement during locomotion when the normal landing area is undesirable. In this study, a light spot of different shapes and sizes simulated an undesirable landing area. Participants were required to avoid stepping on this spot under different time constraints. Alternate chosen foot(More)
The objectives of the current study were: (a) to determine whether perception-action coupling controlled behaviours when walking through moving doors and (b) to determine how vision contributed to this behaviour. Participants (N = 6) walked along a 7-m path toward two motor-driven doors, which moved at rates ranging between 20 and 40 cm/s. Each door was(More)
In this study, participants were required to perform different working memory (WM) tasks (a verbal task, a visuo-spatial task with two levels of difficulty and a central executive task) under different challenges to postural control (sitting, shoulder width stance and tandem stance). When a WM task was added, changes in postural sway were characterized by(More)
We examined changes in the motor organization of postural control in response to continuous, variable amplitude oscillations evoked by a translating platform and explored whether these changes reflected implicit sequence learning. The platform underwent random amplitude (maximum +/- 15 cm) and constant frequency (0.5 Hz) oscillations. Each trial was(More)
The goal of this study was to validate dynamic stability and forward progression determinants for the alternate foot placement selection algorithm. Participants were asked to walk on level ground and avoid stepping, when present, on a virtual white planar obstacle. They had a one-step duration to select an alternate foot placement, with the task performed(More)
Stair walking is a challenging locomotor task, and visual information about the steps is considered critical to safely walk up and down. Despite the importance of such visual inputs, there remains relatively little information on where gaze is directed during stair walking. The present study investigated the role of vision during stair walking with a(More)
Anticipatory adjustments of our locomotor patterns are necessary in order to negotiate our uneven daily environments. Recent work (McFadyen and Winter 1991) has shown the re-organization of lower limb mechanics for obstacle avoidance during level walking. The present work describes a model which sets the ground work for predicting how such re-organized(More)
The objectives of the study were to determine what strategy (pursuit or interception) individuals used to pass through an oscillating target and to determine if individuals walked towards where they were looking. Kinematic and gaze behaviour data was collected from seven healthy female participants as they started at one of five different starting positions(More)
Speed-accuracy trade-off characteristic of horizontal saccadic eye movements were examined in this study. Unlike limb movements, saccadic eye movements are preprogrammed, unidimensional, and do not involve target impact. Hence, they provide an optimal test of the impulse variability account of the speed-accuracy trade-off in rapid movements. Subjects were(More)