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Oleylethanolamide (OEA) is a natural analogue of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide. Like anandamide, OEA is produced in cells in a stimulus-dependent manner and is rapidly eliminated by enzymatic hydrolysis, suggesting a function in cellular signalling. However, OEA does not activate cannabinoid receptors and its biological functions are still unknown.(More)
Recent studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system modulates feeding. Despite the existence of central mechanisms for the regulation of food intake by endocannabinoids, evidence indicates that peripheral mechanisms may also exist. To test this hypothesis, we investigated (1) the effects of feeding on intestinal anandamide accumulation; (2) the effects(More)
The biological actions of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide are terminated by carrier-mediated transport into neurons and astrocytes, followed by enzymatic hydrolysis. Anandamide transport is inhibited by the compound N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)arachidonylamide (AM404). AM404 potentiates several responses elicited by administration of exogenous anandamide,(More)
Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC), the psychoactive ingredient of cannabis sativa, reduces both extracellular hippocampal acetylcholine concentration and correct alternation tasks in the T-maze. The principal aim of this study was to determine whether a chronic Delta(9)-THC treatment would induce tolerance both to the reduction of extracellular(More)
Cannabinoids produce analgesia, hypomotility, catalepsy, cognitive deficits and positive reinforcement. Moreover, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC) and synthetic cannabinoids stimulate dopaminergic neurons and increase dopamine release in different brain areas. In order to clarify the role of endogenously released dopamine in the hypothermic response to(More)
An open randomized study was conducted to compare different treatments of alcoholism on ethanol intake, craving, and on biochemical measures of alcohol consumptions. Eighty-six alcoholics were abstinent for a mean of two weeks prior to random assignment to g-hydroxybutyrate (GHB, 50 mg/kg of body weight t.i.d), naltrexone (NTX, 50 mg/day) or disulfiram(More)
The effects of acute and repeated administration of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC), the psychoactive principle of marijuana, on acetylcholine release in the hippocampus was studied in freely moving rats by microdialysis. The acute intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of Delta9-THC at the doses of 2.5 and 5 mg/kg reduced acetylcholine release by(More)
1. Calcium is a universal messenger of extracellular signals in a great variety of cells; it regulates several neuronal functions, such as neurotransmitter synthesis and release, neuronal excitability, phosphorylation and so on. Calcium is also involved in long-term processes, like memory. 2. Recent studies demonstrated that brain aging is characterized by(More)
Lamotrigine [0.5-10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)] was able to antagonize the audiogenic seizures in DBA/2 mice in a dose-dependent manner. Lamotrigine at doses of 0.5 and 1.25 mg/kg i.p., which per se did not significantly affect the occurrence of audiogenic seizures in DBA/2 mice, markedly potentiated the anticonvulsant activity of carbamazepine,(More)
The behavioural and electrocorticographic (ECoG) convulsant effects of several xanthine derivatives injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) were studied in genetically-epilepsy prone rats. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship among convulsant potency, molecular structure and lipophilicity of some xanthines. Animals were injected i.p. with various(More)