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Oleylethanolamide (OEA) is a natural analogue of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide. Like anandamide, OEA is produced in cells in a stimulus-dependent manner and is rapidly eliminated by enzymatic hydrolysis, suggesting a function in cellular signalling. However, OEA does not activate cannabinoid receptors and its biological functions are still unknown.(More)
Recent studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system modulates feeding. Despite the existence of central mechanisms for the regulation of food intake by endocannabinoids, evidence indicates that peripheral mechanisms may also exist. To test this hypothesis, we investigated (1) the effects of feeding on intestinal anandamide accumulation; (2) the effects(More)
The biological actions of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide are terminated by carrier-mediated transport into neurons and astrocytes, followed by enzymatic hydrolysis. Anandamide transport is inhibited by the compound N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)arachidonylamide (AM404). AM404 potentiates several responses elicited by administration of exogenous anandamide,(More)
Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC), the psychoactive ingredient of cannabis sativa, reduces both extracellular hippocampal acetylcholine concentration and correct alternation tasks in the T-maze. The principal aim of this study was to determine whether a chronic Delta(9)-THC treatment would induce tolerance both to the reduction of extracellular(More)
Cannabinoids produce analgesia, hypomotility, catalepsy, cognitive deficits and positive reinforcement. Moreover, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC) and synthetic cannabinoids stimulate dopaminergic neurons and increase dopamine release in different brain areas. In order to clarify the role of endogenously released dopamine in the hypothermic response to(More)
In the present study we tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide may play a role in the pathogenesis of multiple organ failure induced by peritoneal injection of zymosan in the rat. A severe inflammatory response characterized by peritoneal exudation, high plasma and peritoneal levels of nitrate/ nitrite (breakdown products of nitric oxide), prostaglandin E2(More)
The effects of acute and repeated administration of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC), the psychoactive principle of marijuana, on acetylcholine release in the hippocampus was studied in freely moving rats by microdialysis. The acute intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of Delta9-THC at the doses of 2.5 and 5 mg/kg reduced acetylcholine release by(More)
Nipecotic acid (1), one of the most potent in vitro inhibitors of neuronal and glial gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) uptake, is inactive as an anticonvulsant when administered systemically. To obtain in vivo active prodrugs of (1), we synthesized four new nipecotic acid esters (3-6), which were obtained by chemical conjugation with glucose, galactose, and(More)
An open randomized study was conducted to compare different treatments of alcoholism on ethanol intake, craving, and on biochemical measures of alcohol consumptions. Eighty-six alcoholics were abstinent for a mean of two weeks prior to random assignment to g-hydroxybutyrate (GHB, 50 mg/kg of body weight t.i.d), naltrexone (NTX, 50 mg/day) or disulfiram(More)
Injection of zymosan-activated plasma into the rat paw induced oedema formation. Subplantar injection of the non isoform- selective inhibitors of nitric oxide (NO) synthase, N(G)-nitro-L-Arginine methyl ester and N(G)-methyl-L-Arginine, and of a scavenger of NO, haemoglobin, inhibited the early phase of oedema development. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase(More)