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Although chemotaxis has been proposed to guide sperm to egg throughout the animal kingdom, sperm attractants released from mammalian eggs have not been identified. Since the G protein subunit alpha-gustducin is accepted as a marker of chemosensitive cells, attempts were made to explore whether alpha-gustducin is also expressed in spermatozoa of mammals.(More)
The success of acrosomal exocytosis, a complex process with a variety of inter-related steps, relies on the coordinated interaction of participating signaling molecules. Since the acrosome reaction resembles Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis in neurons, we investigated whether cognate neuronal binding partners of the multi-PDZ domain protein MUPP1, which recruits(More)
Mammalian spermatozoa are highly polarized cells composed of two morphological and functional units, each optimized for a special task. Although the apparent division into head and tail may as such represent the anatomical basis to avoid random diffusion of their special sets of signaling proteins and lipids, recent findings demonstrate the presence of(More)
The success of acrosomal exocytosis, a complex process with a variety of interrelated steps, relies on the coordinated interaction of participating signaling molecules. Since scaffolding proteins are known to spatially organize sequential signaling pathways, we examined whether the Multi-PDZ domain protein MUPP1, recently identified in mammalian(More)
The small, soluble, (2Fe-2S)-containing protein ferredoxin (Fd) mediates electron transfer from the chloroplast photosystem I to ferredoxin: NADP+ oxidoreductase (FNR), a flavoenzyme located on the stromal side of the thylakoid membrane. Ferredoxin and FNR form a 1:1 complex, which is stabilized by electrostatic interactions between acidic residues of Fd(More)
The vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT) plays an essential role in synaptic transmission by filling vesicles with glutamate. At mammalian synapses, VGLUT expression level determines the amount of glutamate packaged into vesicles, and the specific paralog of VGLUT expressed affects the release probability. In this study, we investigate whether there is a(More)
Spermatozoa undergo complex sequences of precisely timed events during the process of fertilization. These priming events, which comprise capacitation, egg recognition, acrosome reaction, and sperm-oocyte fusion, are regulated by the activation of different intracellular signaling pathways. The efficacy and accuracy of signal transduction pathways often(More)
Little is known about the extent to which protein flexibility contributes to antigen-antibody recognition and cross-reactivity. Using short coil peptides (leucine zippers) as model antigens, we demonstrate that a monoclonal antibody can force a noncognate peptide into a conformation that is similar to the conformation of the cognate peptide against which(More)
Eps15 homology domain-containing proteins (EHDs) are conserved ATPases implicated in membrane remodeling. Recently, EHD1 was found to be enriched at synaptic release sites, suggesting a possible involvement in the trafficking of synaptic vesicles. We have investigated the role of an EHD1/3 ortholog (l-EHD) in the lamprey giant reticulospinal synapse. l-EHD(More)
Adsorption to a polymeric surface may severely alter the antigenic structure of proteins through unfolding. A conventional capture ELISA in which a protein antigen is adsorbed to the microtiter plate may be unsuitable for testing the specificity of antibodies directed against native proteins (C. Schwab and H.R. Bosshard (1992) J. Immunol. Methods 147, 125).(More)