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Cyclic GMP levels were dose-dependently increased by excitatory drugs such as picrotoxin, pentetrazol, oxotremorine and harmaline in mouse cerebellum and medial forebrain (parts of the cortex, hippocampus, hypothalamus, thalamus, striatum and midbrain) in vivo. Cyclic AMP levels remained unchanged under these conditions. Pretreatment with diazepam(More)
The role of calcium in acute and chronic opioid action was studied by measuring the inhibitory response of electrically stimulated (0.1 Hz) myenteric plexus-longitudinal muscle strips of guinea-pig ileum in vitro subsequent to a test dose of morphine or to high frequency stimulation (10 Hz for 1 min) in the presence of graded concentrations of calcium in(More)
Specific binding sites for 3H-morphine were assayed in subcellular fractions of a crude mitochondrial P2 pellet from the guinea-pig ileum longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus, prepared by discontinuous sucrose-gradient fractionation. The highest specific binding (ca. 100 fmol/mg protein) was obtained in the fraction containing synaptosomes, as examined by(More)
In view of the close structural similarity between the pro-opiocortin fragment, gamma-MSH, and ACTH/MSH-type peptides, the behavioural profile of gamma-MSH was explored. Attention was first focused on behavioural procedures in which ACTH/MSH-related neuropeptides have been found effective. It was found that gamma-MSH and ACTH-like neuropeptides had opposite(More)
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