F. Šmíd

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A complex neuropathological study of two cases of Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) type C (NPDC) revealed some novel features in the chemical pathology of the neuronal storage. Lipid histochemistry showed the presence of a lipid which met the criteria of a neuronal glycosphingolipid. Sphingomyelin (SM) was not detected in the neurones in any of the regions(More)
A fatal infantile storage disorder with hepatosplenomegaly and severe neurological disease is described. Sphingolipids, including monohexosylceramides (mainly glucosylceramide), dihexosylceramides (mainly lactosylceramide), globotriaosyl ceramide, sulphatides, ceramides and globotetraosyl ceramide, were stored in the tissues. In general, cholesterol and(More)
A comparison of histochemical detection of GM1 ganglioside in cryostat sections using cholera toxin B-subunit after fixation with 4% formaldehyde and dry acetone gave tissue-dependent results. In the liver no pre-treatment showed detectable differences related to GM1 reaction products, while studies in the brain showed the superiority of acetone(More)
The aim of the present work was to develop a chromatographic system for the separation of individual fluorophores extracted from neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) brain and isolated storage bodies. Extracts from gray matter were best resolved on silica-gel HPTLC plates using a mixture of chloroform/methanol/water (55:45:10 by vol.). Two other(More)
Cholestasis is characterized by the elevation of serum total bile acids (TBA), which leads to the production of both free radicals and oxidative stress. Although they do not share the same mechanisms, membrane glycosphingolipids (GSL) and the antioxidant enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) both act against the pro-oxidative effect of TBA. The aim of the study(More)
A histochemical study is reported of regional differences of the lipid storage in a case of Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) type C. Besides tissues known to be affected (reticulo-endothelium, hepatocytes, nervous system), storage was demonstrated in adrenal cortical spongiocytes, sweat glands, renal glomerular and tubular cells, smooth muslce, excretory tubules(More)
The degradation of blood group glycolipid A-6-2 (GalNAc(alpha1-->3)[Fuc alpha1-->2]Gal(beta1-->4)GlcNAc(beta1-->3)Gal(beta1-->4)Glc(beta1-->1')C er, IV2-alpha-fucosyl-IV3-alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminylneolact otetraosylceramide), tritium-labeled in its ceramide moiety, was studied in situ, in skin fibroblast cultures from normal controls, from patients with(More)
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