Félix Scholtes

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BACKGROUND The expanded endonasal approach of the cranio-cervical junction provides comfortable working space while avoiding some of the disadvantages of the transoral route. We report a purely endonasal endoscopic resection of the odontoid process for basilar invagination in a patient with a Chiari type I malformation, without posterior decompression or(More)
Vigabatrin (gamma-vinyl-GABA or GVG) is an irreversible inhibitor of gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T), which is an enzyme responsible for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) catabolism. Inhibition of GABA catabolism increases brain concentration of GABA, a neural inhibitor. GVG has been found to be a potent new anti-epileptic drug, especially in the(More)
Locomotor training on a treadmill is a therapeutic strategy used for several years in human paraplegics in whom it was shown to improve functional recovery mainly after incomplete spinal cord lesions. The precise mechanisms underlying its effects are not known. Experimental studies in adult animals were chiefly performed after complete spinal transections.(More)
Sixty-two patients with uncontrolled partial seizures participated in a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled add-on-trial. Thirty-two patients received loreclezole and 30 a placebo as add-on therapy. Loreclezole was targeted at a plasma level of 1-2 mg/l. In spite of an antiepileptic therapy, usually with 2 or 3 antiepileptic drugs, these patients had(More)
STUDY DESIGN This was an experimental study. OBJECTIVES White matter sparing influences locomotor recovery after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). The objective of the present post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigation was to assess the potential of a simple inversion recovery (IR) sequence in combination with high-resolution proton(More)
We describe a misleading case of a partially occluded A1 segment duplication that mimicked an ACoA aneurysm on computed tomography angiography and conventional angiography and led to surgical intervention. The location of such an anomaly at the ACoA on the side of least hemodynamic stress may provide a clue to recognizing this variant.
INTRODUCTION It is not unusual for very small aneurysms (≤3mm) to be responsible for subarachnoid haemorrhage. In addition, modern imaging has increased diagnosis of those that are asymptomatic. Because of their spatial configuration and thin and fragile walls, very small aneurysms can be a sizeable challenge for both open surgical and endovascular(More)
OBJECTIVE We present a case of brachial plexus avulsion and reconstructive surgery with cerebrospinal fluid leak between the cervical subarachnoid space and the pleural cavity responsible for tonsillar herniation and syringomyelia. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 17-year-old man presented with headaches when he was positioned upright, simultaneously with a(More)
OBJECTIVE The management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulae after anterior cranial base fracture remains a surgical challenge. We reviewed our results in the repair of CSF fistulae complicating multiple anterior cranial base fractures via a combined intracranial extradural and intradural approach and describe a treatment algorithm derived from this(More)
Electromagnetic fields are able to promote axonal regeneration in vitro and in vivo. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is used routinely in neuropsychiatric conditions and as an atraumatic method to activate descending motor pathways. After spinal cord injury, these pathways are disconnected from the spinal locomotor generator, resulting(More)