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Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) are two inherited peripheral neuropathies. The most prevalent mutations are a reciprocal 1.5-Mb duplication and 1.5-Mb deletion, respectively, at the CMT1A/HNPP locus on chromosome 17p11.2. Point mutations in the coding region of the myelin genes,(More)
Hereditary predisposition to retinoblastoma (RB) is caused by germline mutations in the retinoblastoma 1 (RB1) gene and transmits as an autosomal dominant trait. In the majority of cases disease develops in greater than 90% of carriers. However, reduced penetrance with a large portion of disease-free carrier is seen in some families. Unambiguous(More)
A 1.5 Mb duplication within 17p11.2 is the major mutation causing both autosomal dominant and sporadic Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). An independent origin for the mutation in each family has been postulated. The proposed genetic mechanism causing the CMT1A duplication is unequal nonsister chromatid exchange at meiosis (unequal crossing-over).(More)
Recently, a consensus International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) for predicting outcome and planning therapy in the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) has been developed. However, the intermediate-risk cytogenetic subgroup defined by the IPSS includes a miscellaneous number of different single abnormalities for which real prognosis at present is uncertain.(More)
Inherited hearing impairment affects one in 2,000 newborns. Nonsyndromic prelingual forms are inherited mainly as autosomal recessive traits, for which 16 genes are currently known. Mutations in the genes encoding connexins 26 and 30 account for up to 50% of these cases. However, the individual contribution of the remaining genes to the whole remains(More)
The Friedreich ataxia (FA) mutation has recently been identified as an unstable trinucleotide GAA repeat present 7-22 times in the normal population but amplified as many as > 1,000 times in FA. Since it is an autosomal recessive disease, FA does not show typical features observed in other dynamic mutation disorders, such as genetic anticipation. We have(More)
Cytogenetic studies of 12 patients aged less than 14 years with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) (M4-M5) showed structural abnormalities on chromosome 11 at band q23-q24 in five cases (41.8%). Four of these 12 patients had ANLL (M4-M5) after treatment with cytostatics for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in one case and for an acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)(More)
BACKGROUND Heart-hand syndromes compose a class of combined congenital cardiac and limb deformities. The proto-typical heart-hand disorder is Holt-Oram syndrome, which is characterized by cardiac septation defects and radial ray limb deformity. We have recently mapped the Holt-Oram syndrome gene defect to the long arm of human chromosome 12 in two families.(More)
A mapping study was performed on a 3-generation Spanish family with X-linked syndromal mental retardation. Affected males have a typical facial appearance, ear malformations, abnormal growth of teeth, clinodactyly, dimpled skin at the lower back, and patellar luxation. In pneumoencephalography a marked subcortical cerebral atrophy was evident. In the(More)